1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Cleisocentron Brühl

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to N. Borneo.

    [A-EM]
    Distribution

    Cleisocentron includes six species collectively distributed in India (Sikkim), Bhutan, Burma, Vietnam, and Borneo.

    Ecology

    Species of Cleisocentron are epiphytes, ranging in elevation from 330 to 3000 m. Cleisocentron abasii Cavestro occurs in forests on ultramafic substrate at 1200–1500 m in Borneo. Cleisocentron gokusingii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb occurs in mossy forests at 1800 m in Borneo. Cleisocentron kinabaluense D.Metusala & J.J.Wood occurs on mossy trees in shade in moss forest on ridges at 2400–3000 m in Borneo. Cleisocentron merrillianum (Ames) Christenson occurs in forests, sometimes on ultramafic substrates, at 1100–3000 m in Borneo. Cleisocentron pallens (Cathcart ex Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb occurs in forests at 330–2000 m in Sikkim.

    General Description

    Epiphytic herbs. Stems pendent or erect, simple or branching, up to 1 m in length. Leaves oblong, ligulate or terete, unequally bilobed or acute. Inflorescence supra-axillary, racemose. Flowers resupinate, pinkish white, various shades of blue, deep magenta or dark purple. Sepals and petals spreading. Labellum firmly adnate to column, urceolate, trilobed above; spur cylindrical, gently curving, interior containing either an upward-pointing, central protuberance on the back wall or a decurved shelf-like back wall callus; front wall callus flap-like; median septum absent. Column erect, cylindrical, foot decurrent on the back wall of labellum as a thickened cushion, or free; pollinia four, appearing as two, each completely divided into free halves, stipe long, linear, viscidium subquadrate; stigma oval, vertical; rostellum distinct, porrect or stiffly erect, bilobed, lobes broad.

    [A-EM]
    Distribution

    Singchia is a monospecific and endemic to southwestern China.

    Ecology

    Singchia malipoensis is epiphytic in broad-leaved forests at 1000 m.

    General Description

    Epiphytic herbs. Stem 6–8 cm long, suberect. Leaves four or five, narrowly oblong, obtusely unequally bilobed, with a mucro in the sinus, flat, thickly coriaceous. Inflorescence lateral, up to 4 cm long, 9- to 12-flowered; floral bracts minute, ovate. Flowers white, sepals and petals tinged pale purple dorsally, spur white tinged pale purple. Dorsal sepal and petals free. Lateral sepals adnate to base of column foot. Labellum spurred, trilobed, the basal margins rigidly attached to lower part of column foot, side lobes almost as long as midlobe, subtriangular to semi-orbicular, obtuse, midlobe broadly ovate, with a saddle-shaped basal callus; spur subconical-cylindrical, thin-walled, ecallose. Column with a pendent foot; pollinarium cruciform, pollinia two, unequally and deeply split, caudicle distinct, stipe narrowly linear, viscidium broadly oblong-ovate.

    [A-EM]
    Use

    No uses have been reported for Cleisocentron; it is uncommon in cultivation.

    [A-EM]
    Use

    No uses have been reported for Singchia; it is not known to be in cultivation.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Vietnam

    Cleisocentron Brühl appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Guide Orchids Sikkim: 136 (1926)

    Accepted by

    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0