1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Turritis Tourn. ex L.
      1. Turritis glabra L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Tropical Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual to biennial bluish green herb with an evanescent leaf-rosette, from which 1 (rarely more) flowering shoots arise.
    Stem
    Stems unbranched, rigid, erect, 40–150 cm. high, basally somewhat hairy, otherwise glabrous.
    Leaves
    Cauline leaves dense, sessile, acutely ovate, amplexicaul to sagittate, entire, glabrous, 2–6 cm. long, ± 1 cm. broad. Rosette leaves petioled, spathulate to obovate, rather acute, attenuate, entire to sinuate, moderately hairy; blade 2–8 cm. long, 1–2 cm. broad; petiole 0.5–2 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with numerous flowers, in fruit up to 50 cm. long, narrow and dense; pedicels erect, thin, 6–13 mm. long, with erect siliquae.
    Calyx
    Sepals yellowish green, oblong, obtuse, 2–4.5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals dull white to pale yellow, narrowly spathulate with rounded apex, 4–7 mm. long.
    Anthers
    Anthers ± 1.5 mm. long, narrow.
    Fruits
    Siliqua linear, 40–70 mm. long, 0.8–1.2 mm. broad; style ± 1 mm. long, with expanded stigma.
    Seeds
    Seeds in 2 rows in each locule, reddish brown, flattened, ± semicircular in outline, 0.8–1.2 mm. long, 0.5–0.7 mm. broad, smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 16.
    Habitat
    Clearings of upland rain-forest along roads and tracks, etc.; 920–2700 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 T2 U2 widespread in north temperate areas

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Primorye, Sakhalin, Vermont

    Turritis glabra L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomson, T. [s.n], India K000247228 Unknown type material
    Hartweg, K.T. [1648] K000693320 Unknown type material
    Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Oregon K000693321 Unknown type material
    Brown, R. [4783], India Turritis rigida K000247229 Unknown type material
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 4783], India Turritis rigida K001039886

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Ebel, A. (2005). Review of Brassicaceae family in the flora of Khakassia Turczaninowia 8(1): 11-38.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2004). Flora of Siberia 7: 1-318. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1978). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 5: 1-678. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Korovin, E.P. & Vvedensky, A.I. (eds.) (1955). Flora Uzbekistana 3: 1-824. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13 Taxon 61: 889-902.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Ebel, A. (2005). Review of Brassicaceae family in the flora of Khakassia Turczaninowia 8(1): 11-38.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2004). Flora of Siberia 7: 1-318. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Jalas, J. & Suominen, J. (eds.) (1994). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 10: 1-224.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1978). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 5: 1-678. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Korovin, E.P. & Vvedensky, A.I. (eds.) (1955). Flora Uzbekistana 3: 1-824. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 129 (1976).
    • Marais in Flora of Southern Africa 13: 105 (1970).
    • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 542 (1951).
    • O.E. Schulz in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 9: 1106 (1927).
    • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 666 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0