1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Spathicarpa Hook.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    HABIT : small, seasonally dormant, sometimes evergreen herbs, tuber subterranean, rhizomatous, shortly oblong, horizontal. LEAVES : several. PETIOLE : slender, sheath often rather long. BLADE : narrowly elliptic, oblong, ovate-emarginate, ovate-cordate, cordate, cordate-sagittate, auriculate-hastate or strongly hastate to subtrisect; basal ribs short when present, primary lateral veins pinnate or mostly arising at petiole insertion, arcuate and running into margin or forming an irregular, submarginal collective vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, appearing with leaves. PEDUNCLE : relatively long, slender. SPATHE : not constricted, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, acuminate, fully expanded to subrevolute at anthesis, later closing, persistent, green. SPADIX : entirely adnate to spathe, recurved at anthesis, fertile to apex, ± laxly flowered, female flowers forming 2 outer longitudinal rows, enclosing 2 rows of male flowers, all in parallel. FLOWERS : unisexual, perigone absent. MALE FLOWER : 3-4-androus, stamens connate, synandrium stipitate, apex formed by nectariferous, usually shallowly lobed stigmatoid-connective, anthers short, partly covered and overtopped by stigmatoid-connective, thecae 6-8, broadly ellipsoid, lateral, dehiscing by subapical pore. POLLEN : extruded in strands, inaperturate, ellipsoid-oblong to -elongate, medium-sized (mean 48 µm., range 45-51 µm.), exine almost perfectly psilate. FEMALE FLOWER : gynoecium partially surrounded on one side by 3 small, very shortly stipitate, discoid-umbonate, green staminodes, ovary oblong-ovoid, 1-locular, ovule 1, orthotropous, funicle very short to ± absent, placenta basal, style attenuate, cylindric-conoid, stigma discoid-subcapitate. BERRY : ovoid to ellipsoid, acute-attenuate, green. SEED : ovoid-obnapiform, strophiolate, testa smooth to ± rough, brownish to green, embryo axile, elongate, endosperm copious.
    Diagnostic
    Small seasonally dormant geophytes; spadix entirely adnate to spathe; leaf blade elliptic to hastate, fine venation reticulate; inflorescence solitary, appearing with leaves; spadix entirely fused with spathe, fertile to apex, with 2 central rows of male flowers and 2 outer rows of female flowers; flowers unisexual, perigone absent; male flower a stalked synandrium; female flower with three small staminodes. Differs from Spathantheum in 1- locular ovary and leaf blade never pinnatifid.
    Distribution
    S. Trop. America.
    Habitat
    Tropical dry forest, humid and marshy forest, seasonally wet places; geophytes; in dry forest areas the plant has a dormant period and starts growth at the beginning of the rainy season.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Spathicarpa Hook. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mayo [744] 58122.000

    First published in Bot. Misc. 2: 146 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0