1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia adoensis (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Cogn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ghana to Eritrea and S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Climber or trailer to 3 m.; rootstock perennial, woody, the roots also forming subspherical root-tubers distinct from the stem-base; basal stem gnarled, rather woody; aerial stems annual, herbaceous, sometimes tinged purplish or brownish, ribbed, sparsely to densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable; blade triangular-ovate, ovate- or broadly ovate-cordate in outline, obscurely sinuate-dentate or almost entire to rather sharply dentate or lobulate, acute to rounded or slightly retuse and apiculate, glabrous or soft-pubescent especially beneath on the nerves, or punctate and sometimes scabrid, 35–135 mm. long, 26–135 mm. broad, unlobed or shallowly to deeply palmately 3–5(–7)-lobed; lobes triangular or ovate to obovate-oblong, elliptic-ovate, oblong-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, broadest or narrowed at the base, sometimes lobulate, with the central largest; petiole 4–50 mm. long, ± pubescent especially laterally with close fine forward-pointing hairs.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Bracts
    Probracts glandular, spathulate, 3.5–4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. broad.
    Male
    Male flowers 2–22 in usually solitary and unbranched racemes on 5–75 mm. long peduncles, coaxillary with a long-pedicellate solitary flower; pedicels of racemose flowers 3–25 mm. long, ebracteate or subtended by small fleshy glabrous bracts; receptacle-tube obconic, somewhat flared at the mouth, 3.5–7 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, filiform or subulate, 1–5 mm. long; corolla campanulate-obconic below, flared above, golden-orange to pale apricot-orange or salmon-coloured, rarely tinged purplish, brown-veined outside, with the lobes obovate, apiculate, 13–30 mm. long, 7–14 mm. broad, united in lower half to two-thirds; stamens 3.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary on 2–9 mm. long stalks; ovary glabrous or pubescent, fusiform, 9–22 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube campanulate, 2–3 mm. long; lobes lanceolate or filiform, reflexed or spreading, 1–4 mm. long; corolla funnel-shaped, with the lobes 12–18 mm. long, 7–10 mm. broad, united in lower two-thirds. Male flowers 2–22 in usually solitary and unbranched racemes on 5–75 mm. long peduncles, coaxillary with a long-pedicellate solitary flower; pedicels of racemose flowers 3–25 mm. long, ebracteate or subtended by small fleshy glabrous bracts; receptacle-tube obconic, somewhat flared at the mouth, 3.5–7 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, filiform or subulate, 1–5 mm. long; corolla campanulate-obconic below, flared above, golden-orange to pale apricot-orange or salmon-coloured, rarely tinged purplish, brown-veined outside, with the lobes obovate, apiculate, 13–30 mm. long, 7–14 mm. broad, united in lower half to two-thirds; stamens 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary on 2–9 mm. long stalks; ovary glabrous or pubescent, fusiform, 9–22 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube campanulate, 2–3 mm. long; lobes lanceolate or filiform, reflexed or spreading, 1–4 mm. long; corolla funnel-shaped, with the lobes 12–18 mm. long, 7–10 mm. broad, united in lower two-thirds.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a 4–15 mm. long stalk, tomato-red, ovoid-ellipsoid or long-ovoid-ellipsoid, often shortly beaked, 36–81 mm. long, 14–30 mm. across.
    Seeds
    Seeds broadly ovate in outline, lenticular, 6 × 3.5 × 2.5 mm.; testa fibrillose.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/1–7, p. 57.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, bushland and thicket, wooded grassland and grassland; 500–2140 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 N. Nigeria eastwards to Ethiopia, SE. Congo Republic, Rhodesia, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa (Transvaal)
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Sterns annual, arising from subligneous perennial rootstock with tuberiferous roots, prostrate or scandent, sometimes purple-tinged, sparsely to densely shortly pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2·5–12·5 × 2·5–15 cm., very variable, narrowly to broadly ovate or pentagonal in outline, cordate, dark green, almost glabrous except on veins to shortly pubescent or ± scabrid-punctate above, paler, ± glaucous and almost glabrous to rather densely pubescent beneath, unlobed or shortly to very deeply palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes ovate or triangular to elliptic, narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, subentire to strongly sinuate-dentate, sometimes ± lobulate, acute to obtuse, rounded or sometimes retuse, apiculate, the central largest.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0·4–5 cm. long, very sparsely to densely rather finely pubescent with short ascending or spreading hairs.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Probract
    Probracts small, 1·5–4 mm. long, obovate-rotundate to spathulate.
    Male
    male flowers 4–20 in 0·5–9 cm. pedunculate racemes, usually co-axillary with a 5–70 mm. pedicellate solitary flower; bracts of racemose flowers small, 1–1·5 mm. long, glandular, often absent; pedicels 1–28 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3·5–6·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, sparsely shortly hairy or subglabrous, lobes remote, 1·5–5·5 mm. long, dentiform, subulate or lanceolate. Corolla pale creamy yellow, salmon-pink or orange, veined with green, brown or purple, the lobes 1–3 × 0·5–1·5 cm., obovate, apiculate, united to above the middle.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary; pedicels 2–20 mm. long; ovary 6–22 × 1–2·5 mm., fusiform, glabrous, receptacle-tube 1·5–3·5 mm. long, narrowly campanulate; lobes 1–4·5 mm. long, subulate to lanceolate; corolla as in male flowers, but rather narrower. male flowers 4–20 in 0·5–9 cm. pedunculate racemes, usually co-axillary with a 5–70 mm. pedicellate solitary flower; bracts of racemose flowers small, 1–1·5 mm. long, glandular, often absent; pedicels 1–28 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3·5–6·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, sparsely shortly hairy or subglabrous, lobes remote, 1·5–5·5 mm. long, dentiform, subulate or lanceolate. Corolla pale creamy yellow, salmon-pink or orange, veined with green, brown or purple, the lobes 1–3 × 0·5–1·5 cm., obovate, apiculate, united to above the middle.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary; pedicels 2–20 mm. long; ovary 6–22 × 1–2·5 mm., fusiform, glabrous, receptacle-tube 1·5–3·5 mm. long, narrowly campanulate; lobes 1–4·5 mm. long, subulate to lanceolate; corolla as in male flowers, but rather narrower.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3–8·5 × 1–3 cm., ovoid-ellipsoid to ellipsoid-cylindrical, often shortly rostrate, smooth, bright red when mature although sometimes remaining greenish towards the base; fruit-stalk 0·5–2·2 cm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4·5–6·5 × 3–4 × 1·5–2·5 mm., broadly ovate in outline, ± compressed, lenticular.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Wild spinach

    Coccinia adoensis (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Cogn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 6, 2008 Schweinfurth, G. [1878], Sudan K000542640 syntype
    Dec 6, 2008 Schweinfurth, G. [1688], Sudan K000542641 syntype
    Dec 6, 2008 Schimper [166], Ethiopia K000542643 isosyntype
    Dec 6, 2008 Schimper [166], Ethiopia K000542644 isosyntype
    Dec 6, 2008 Schimper [166], Ethiopia K000542642 isosyntype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7432], Tanzania 1691.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7950], Tanzania 3245.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2595], Zambia 4624.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7876], Tanzania 4974.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2596], Zambia 5143.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7876A], Tanzania 6297.000
    Wild, H. [44778], Zimbabwe 1701.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2023], Kenya 1706.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1117] 32825.000
    Bullock, A.A. [1865], Tanzania 1697.000
    Bullock, A.A. [2231] 5141.000
    Richards, H.M. [29792] 39806.000
    Polhill, R. [1722], Tanzania 4975.000
    Polhill, R. [1910A], Tanzania 6581.000
    Polhill, R. [1013], Kenya 6582.000
    Norman, E.M. [225], Uganda 1695.000
    Faulkner, H. [K.247], Mozambique 5142.000
    Faulkner, H. [K.248] 8071.000
    Ash, J. [909], Ethiopia 37865.000
    Ash, J. [1090B], Ethiopia 38318.000
    Tweedie [2478], Kenya 24837.000
    Bidgood, S. [5905], Tanzania K000468520
    Zeyher [588], South Africa K000313228 Unknown type material
    Burke [408], South Africa K000313227 Unknown type material
    Burke [408], South Africa K000313229 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [128], Mozambique K000545110

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 538 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. Meeuse in Bothalia 8: 105 (1962).
    • Burtt Davy, Man. Fl. Pl. Ferns Transv. 1: 231 (1926).
    • Cogn. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 538 (1881).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/