1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Climber to 20 m.; stem glabrous except at nodes, becoming white-punctate when older.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3·5–11·5 × 3·5–15·5 cm., broadly ovate in outline, cordate, glabrous, punctate, palmately 3–5-lobed, lobes shallowly triangular to elliptic, entire or ± sinuate-dentate, sometimes lobulate.
    Petiole
    Petiole 1–5 cm. long, glabrous or almost so.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Male
    male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–70 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–7 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 2·5–6 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate or oblanceolate. Corolla campanulate, pale yellow, green-veined, the lobes 1·5–2 × 1–1·5 cm.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 4–25 mm. long; ovary 5–15 × 1·5–3·5 mm., ellipsoid-cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2–7 mm. long, shortly cylindrical, lobes 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 2–3·2 × 0·7–1·3 cm. male flowers solitary; pedicels 7–70 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–7 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 2·5–6 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate or oblanceolate. Corolla campanulate, pale yellow, green-veined, the lobes 1·5–2 × 1–1·5 cm.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 4–25 mm. long; ovary 5–15 × 1·5–3·5 mm., ellipsoid-cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2–7 mm. long, shortly cylindrical, lobes 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 2–3·2 × 0·7–1·3 cm.
    Fruits
    Fruit 3–6·5 × 1·5–3·5 cm., ellipsoid, obtuse, red.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 6 × 3 × 1·5 mm., asymmetrically ovate in outline, compressed, with flat faces and thick 2-grooved margins.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 50 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Perennial climber or trailer to 20 m.; rootstock tuberous; young stems green, herbaceous, angled, glabrous except at the nodes, becoming white-dotted when older, perennial, eventually woody and subterete with thin grey or brownish papery bark.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade broadly ovate to subpentagonal or orbicular in outline, ± cordate at the base, entire or sinuate and often with distinct reddish glandular teeth, glabrous, punctate, 34–115 mm. long, 36–155 mm. broad, shallowly to deeply palmately 3–5-lobed; lobes variable, shallowly triangular and broadest at the base to ovate or rhombic in outline and narrowed towards the base, then often bluntly to rather sharply palmately or ± pinnately 3–5(–7)-lobulate; petiole 12–50 mm. long, glabrous or slightly hairy laterally above.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Bracts
    Probracts small, glandular.
    Flowers
    Male flowers solitary or paired (rarely 3–4); pedicels 7–70 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above, slightly glandular-hairy internally, 3–7 mm. long; lobes triangular to lanceolate or lanceolate-subspathulate, often red-tipped, acute, 2.5–6 mm. long; corolla campanulate, pale yellow or pale apricot-orange, ± green-veined, with the lobes 14–20 mm. long, 10–16 mm. broad, united in lower half, sometimes red-tipped; stamens normally 3. Female flowers solitary on 4–25 mm. long stalks; ovary green, cylindrical, smooth, 5–13 mm. long, 1.5–3.5 mm. broad; receptacle-tube cylindrical, glandular-hairy inside, 2–7 mm. long; lobes filiform, lanceolate, or triangular, often red-tipped, 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 21–32 mm. long, 7–13 mm. broad, united in lower half or three-quarters.
    Male
    Male flowers solitary or paired (rarely 3–4); pedicels 7–70 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above, slightly glandular-hairy internally, 3–7 mm. long; lobes triangular to lanceolate or lanceolate-subspathulate, often red-tipped, acute, 2.5–6 mm. long; corolla campanulate, pale yellow or pale apricot-orange, ± green-veined, with the lobes 14–20 mm. long, 10–16 mm. broad, united in lower half, sometimes red-tipped; stamens normally 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary on 4–25 mm. long stalks; ovary green, cylindrical, smooth, 5–13 mm. long, 1.5–3.5 mm. broad; receptacle-tube cylindrical, glandular-hairy inside, 2–7 mm. long; lobes filiform, lanceolate, or triangular, often red-tipped, 2–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 21–32 mm. long, 7–13 mm. broad, united in lower half or three-quarters.
    Fruits
    Fruit on an 8–40 mm. long stalk, fleshy, baccate, red when ripe except for small green area around fruit-stalk, ellipsoid, rarely spherical, rounded at the ends, 29–67 mm. long, 14–35 mm. across.
    Seeds
    Seeds asymmetrically pyriform in outline, compressed, with a slightly depressed disk and rather thick 2-grooved margins, 6 × 3 × 1.5 mm.; testa fibrillose.
    Figures
    Fig. 8/8–10, p. 57.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, woodland and wooded grassland, dry evergreen forest and evergreen woodland; 0–1680 m.
    Distribution
    northern tropical Africa eastwards from Senegal to the Somali RepublicArabiatropical Asia from W. Pakistan to HainanMalesia and tropical Australia, Fijiintroduced into the West Indies and tropical South America K1 K2 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Hawaii, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Suriname, Taiwan, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Wake I., Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1928 Murray, G.W. [3857], Egypt K000037307
    Dec 1, 1928 Murray, G.W. [3884], Egypt K000037308
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7351], Tanzania 1703.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7295], Tanzania 794.000
    Verdcourt, B. [255], Tanzania 5134.000
    Verdcourt, B. [760], Uganda 6508.000
    Verdcourt, B. [1083], Kenya 6930.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14170] 1693.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14169] 1700.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13862], Kenya 1707.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3405], Tanzania 4617.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3250], Tanzania 4618.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3901], Kenya 5133.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3991], Kenya 6502.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3554], Tanzania 6507.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3522], Tanzania 8068.000
    Ash [508], Ethiopia 38196.000
    Faulkner, H. [1170], Tanzania 5140.000
    Richards, H.M. [26682], Tanzania 36173.000
    Richards, H.M. [23616], Tanzania 7409.000
    Tweedie [2285], Kenya 25940.000
    Faulkner, H. [2782], Tanzania 8066.000
    Batty [1244], Tanzania 13369.021
    Batty [1060], Tanzania 7501.000
    Ash, J. [1069], Ethiopia 35487.000
    Ash, J. [1082], Ethiopia 35812.000
    Ash, J. [1595], Ethiopia 35846.000
    Gillespie [214], Kenya 29504.000
    Lavranos, J. [829] 32110.000
    Faulkener [3851], Tanzania 32449.000
    Faulkener [3750], Tanzania 32450.000
    Faulkener [3850], Tanzania 32456.000
    Wight, R. [1122], India K000742795
    Wight, R. [1122], India K000742796
    Wight, R. [1123], India K000742793
    Wight, R. [1123], India K000742794
    Coccinia indica 6506.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124582
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124583
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124585
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 6700], Myanmar Bryonia grandis K001124584
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124581
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124573
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124574
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124575
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700], Bangladesh Bryonia grandis K001124576
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124577
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124578
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124579
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6700] Bryonia grandis K001124580

    First published in Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 59 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2008). The edible Cucurbitaceae of Thailand and Malesia and the wild forms of the cultivated ones Sandakania 17: 43-91.
    • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Hort. Suburb. Calc. 59 (1845).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2008). The edible Cucurbitaceae of Thailand and Malesia and the wild forms of the cultivated ones Sandakania 17: 43-91.
    • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 215, fig. 85 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 165, fig. 98 (1950).
    • Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calc.: 59 (1845).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0