1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia megarrhiza C.Jeffrey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & SE. Ethiopia to N. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Perennial climber; rootstock a rather elongated forking subterranean rough-barked woody tuber; stems annual, herbaceous, pubescent with rather spreading crisped hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable; blade ovate-cordate and unlobed or broadly ovate-reniform in outline and palmately 3–5-lobed, scabrid-hairy or -punctate above, scabrid-hairy on the nerves beneath, sinuate-toothed, 30–117 mm. long, 41–166 mm. broad; lobes often ± rounded, somewhat lobulate, narrowed below, with the central largest; petiole 20–74 mm. long, densely woolly laterally with long soft crisped hairs.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Bracts
    Probracts suborbicular, ± 3 mm. long and 4 mm. broad, crimson.
    Flowers
    Male flowers in sessile or shortly pedunculate 1–3-flowered clusters, often with a coaxillary solitary flower; peduncle 0–3 mm. long; pedicels 5–27 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly obconic, 5.5–8 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, with the apex inrolled and often a little expanded; corolla yellow with green veins, with the lobes 11–18 mm. long, 8.5–9 mm. broad, united in lower half; stamens 3. Female flowers solitary on ± 5 mm. long stalks; ovary fusiform, 15–19 mm. long, 4.5–6.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 2.5–4 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy internally near the base; lobes subulate-lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 10–13 mm. long, 6.5–7.5 mm. broad, united in lower two-thirds.
    Male
    Male flowers in sessile or shortly pedunculate 1–3-flowered clusters, often with a coaxillary solitary flower; peduncle 0–3 mm. long; pedicels 5–27 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly obconic, 5.5–8 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 3–8 mm. long, with the apex inrolled and often a little expanded; corolla yellow with green veins, with the lobes 11–18 mm. long, 8.5–9 mm. broad, united in lower half; stamens 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary on ± 5 mm. long stalks; ovary fusiform, 15–19 mm. long, 4.5–6.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 2.5–4 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy internally near the base; lobes subulate-lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 10–13 mm. long, 6.5–7.5 mm. broad, united in lower two-thirds.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a ± 7 mm. long stalk, ellipsoid, 38–44 mm. long, 19–24 mm. across.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland; 790–1160 m.
    Distribution
    K1 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya

    Coccinia megarrhiza C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [14038], Kenya K000354125
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [14039], Kenya K000354126
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [13191], Kenya K000354127
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [13986], Kenya K000354128
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [13122], Kenya K000354129
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [12759], Kenya K000354130
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [14036], Kenya K000354131
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillett, J.B. [14037], Kenya K000354133
    Jun 1, 1965 Gillet, J.B. [12967], Kenya K000313235 holotype
    Gillett, J.B. [14036], Kenya 1696.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13986], Kenya 1699.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14038], Kenya 1704.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14037], Kenya 1705.000
    Newbould, J.G.B. [3117], Kenya K000354136

    First published in Kew Bull. 15: 347 (1962)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 347, fig. 1 (1962).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0