1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia microphylla Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Somaia to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Climber or trailer to 4 m.; rootstock tuberous; young stems green, ± hairy, becoming glabrous and white-dotted on the ridges, later smooth with thin pale brown bark, older stems woody, thickened at base into the rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade reniform-cordate in outline, scabrid above, scabrid-hairy on the nerves beneath, entire or ± sinuate with or without minute apiculate teeth, 17–81 mm. long, 20–120 mm. broad, usually palmately ± deeply 5-lobed; lobes obovate or bluntly rhombic in outline, narrowed below, ± rounded-lobulate, obtuse, rounded or retuse and apiculate, with the middle lobe largest; petiole 6–61 mm. long, thickening when old and sometimes persistent after fall of leaf-blade, pubescent with forward-pointing scabrid hairs.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Flowers
    Male flowers solitary or paired; pedicels 4–5 mm. long; receptacle-tube pale green, 3–4 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, recurved, 2–4.5 mm. long; corolla dull yellow, heavily green-veined, with the lobes 8–10 mm. long and ± 4 mm. broad, united in lower half or quarter; stamens 3. Female flowers solitary, on 2 mm. long stalks; ovary subglabrous or hairy, 6.5–7 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 2.5–3 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy inside at the mouth; lobes lanceolate, 5–5.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes (4–)5, ± 12 mm. long and 6 mm. broad, united in lower half (but corolla sometimes unequally lobed).
    Male
    Male flowers solitary or paired; pedicels 4–5 mm. long; receptacle-tube pale green, 3–4 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, recurved, 2–4.5 mm. long; corolla dull yellow, heavily green-veined, with the lobes 8–10 mm. long and ± 4 mm. broad, united in lower half or quarter; stamens 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, on 2 mm. long stalks; ovary subglabrous or hairy, 6.5–7 mm. long, 3–3.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 2.5–3 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy inside at the mouth; lobes lanceolate, 5–5.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes (4–)5, ± 12 mm. long and 6 mm. broad, united in lower half (but corolla sometimes unequally lobed).
    Fruits
    Fruit on a 4–8 mm. long stalk, red with green and orange markings, subglobose or ellipsoid, 22–43 mm. long, 18–30 mm. across.
    Seeds
    Seeds asymmetrically ovate in outline, slightly broadened and emarginate at the narrower end, compressed, with the margins comparatively thick and grooved, 5 × 2 × 1.5 mm.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and wooded grassland; 180–920 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere K4 K6 K7 T2 T3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

    Coccinia microphylla Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [4087], Kenya K000353391
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [4040], Kenya K000353393
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [2329], Tanzania K000353399
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [2977], Tanzania K000353401
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [2308], Tanzania K000353403
    Jun 1, 1965 Milne-Redhead, E. [7104], Kenya K000353395
    Jun 1, 1965 Milne-Redhead, E. [7105], Kenya K000353396
    Jun 1, 1965 Tweedie [1214], Kenya K000353390
    Jun 1, 1965 Bally [7733], Kenya K000353412
    Feb 23, 1961 Verdcourt, B. [2750], Kenya K000353406
    Feb 23, 1961 Mahinda, H.S. [295], Tanzania K000353407
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7105], Kenya 5138.000
    Verdcourt, B. [3125], Kenya 3246.000
    Gillett, J.B. [16482], Kenya K000353394
    Drummond, R.B. [4087], Kenya 5135.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2308], Tanzania 5136.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1215A], Kenya 5137.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4040], Kenya 6503.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2329], Tanzania 8069.000
    Faulkner, H. [4561], Tanzania K000353404
    Richards [24758], Tanzania 25694.061
    Richards [23605], Tanzania 40076.000
    Richards, M. [23605], Tanzania K000353384
    Richards, M. [25276], Tanzania K000353385
    Richards, M. [24830], Tanzania K000353386
    Richards, M. [25529], Tanzania K000353387
    Richards, M. [24758], Tanzania K000353388
    Peter, A. [56552], Tanzania K000353409
    Peter, A. [56543], Tanzania K000353410
    Peter, A. [56532], Tanzania K000353411
    Verdcourt, B. [3125], Kenya K000353398
    Abdallah, R. [198], Tanzania K000353381
    Chuwa, S. [3060], Tanzania K000353382
    Chuwa, S. [2834], Tanzania K000353383
    Beesley, J.S.S. [105], Tanzania K000353389
    Cox, J. [1950], Tanzania K000353408

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 357 (1904)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 34: 357 (1904).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0