1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia mildbraedii Gilg ex Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Uganda to E. DR Congo and N. Malawi.

    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Scandent to 10 m. or more.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 6·5–17·5 × 7·5–19 cm., ovate to suborbicular in outline, cordate, glabrous except on main veins, punctate above and on main veins beneath, palmately 5-lobed, lobes triangular to ovate or elliptic, ± denticulate, acuminate, apiculate, the central largest.
    Petiole
    Petioles 2·4–9 cm. long, finely pubescent.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils 2-fid.
    Probract
    Probracts 2–8 mm. long, spathulate to suborbicular.
    Male
    male flowers in solitary or paired 2–15-flowered racemes; peduncles 1·5–5·5 cm. long, axillary or at nodes on leafless terminal branches and then forming lax compound inflorescences; pedicels 2–9 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–6 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 1–4·5 mm. long, subulate. Corolla pale orange-yellow to brownish, the lobes 8–17 mm. long, united to middle or above.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary; peduncles 1·8–3·4 cm. long; ovary 20–32 mm. long, cylindrical; receptacle-tube 4–5 mm. long, lobes 1·5–4 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate; corolla 16–25 mm. long. male flowers in solitary or paired 2–15-flowered racemes; peduncles 1·5–5·5 cm. long, axillary or at nodes on leafless terminal branches and then forming lax compound inflorescences; pedicels 2–9 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3–6 mm. long, obconic, expanded above, lobes 1–4·5 mm. long, subulate. Corolla pale orange-yellow to brownish, the lobes 8–17 mm. long, united to middle or above.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary; peduncles 1·8–3·4 cm. long; ovary 20–32 mm. long, cylindrical; receptacle-tube 4–5 mm. long, lobes 1·5–4 mm. long, triangular to lanceolate; corolla 16–25 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 10–19·5 × 2–5 cm., red, cylindrical; peduncle 3–8·5 cm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–7·5 × 4–5 × 1·3–1·5 mm., ovoid, compressed; testa becoming ± fibrillose.
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Stout climber to 10 m. or more; stems herbaceous, subglabrous to densely rather long crisped-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade ovate-triangular, ovate-reniform or ovate-suborbicular in outline, cordate, entire or sinuate and ± distinctly to coarsely toothed, acute, acuminate and apiculate, glabrous except on the nerves, ± punctate, the nerves beneath often marked with conspicuous pale dots, 65–175 mm. long, 75–190 mm. broad, palmately 5-lobed; lobes triangular, broadest at the base, or ovate to ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, narrowed at the base; petioles 24–90 mm. long, with fine forward-pointing or with crisped hairs, becoming ± white-dotted when old.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils bifid.
    Bracts
    Probracts narrowly spathulate to suborbicular, 2–8 mm. long, up to 9 mm. across.
    Flowers
    Male flowers in solitary or paired 2–15 mm. long 2–15-flowered racemes carried on 35–56 mm. long peduncles, usually with a coaxillary long-pedicellate solitary flower, or in compound racemes 45–130 mm. long each bearing 2–7 short side branches of 5–12 flowers in subumbelliform or shortly racemiform groups; pedicels of racemose flowers 2–9 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above with a narrow horizontal rim at the mouth, 3–6 mm. long; lobes triangular to triangular-subulate, 1–4.5 mm. long, reflexed when long; corolla campanulate-urceolate, pale lemon-yellow, brownish-cream, cream or white, veined green or brown, 8–17 mm. long, with the segments united in lower half or three-quarters; stamens 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous or all 2-thecous; anthers coherent into a globose head. Female flowers solitary, on 18–34 mm. stalks; ovary 20–32 mm. long, 2–5 mm. across, slightly hairy; receptacle-tube campanulate-cylindrical, 4–5 mm. long; lobes triangular or triangular-subulate to lanceolate, 1.5–4 mm. long; corolla 16–25 mm. long, with the segments united in lower half or two-thirds.
    Male
    Male flowers in solitary or paired 2–15 mm. long 2–15-flowered racemes carried on 35–56 mm. long peduncles, usually with a coaxillary long-pedicellate solitary flower, or in compound racemes 45–130 mm. long each bearing 2–7 short side branches of 5–12 flowers in subumbelliform or shortly racemiform groups; pedicels of racemose flowers 2–9 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, expanded above with a narrow horizontal rim at the mouth, 3–6 mm. long; lobes triangular to triangular-subulate, 1–4.5 mm. long, reflexed when long; corolla campanulate-urceolate, pale lemon-yellow, brownish-cream, cream or white, veined green or brown, 8–17 mm. long, with the segments united in lower half or three-quarters; stamens 3, two 2-thecous, one 1-thecous or all 2-thecous; anthers coherent into a globose head.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, on 18–34 mm. stalks; ovary 20–32 mm. long, 2–5 mm. across, slightly hairy; receptacle-tube campanulate-cylindrical, 4–5 mm. long; lobes triangular or triangular-subulate to lanceolate, 1.5–4 mm. long; corolla 16–25 mm. long, with the segments united in lower half or two-thirds.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a 32–85 mm. long stalk, cylindrical, fleshy, orange-red or red and sometimes white-spotted, 100–195 mm. long, 20–50 mm. across, with red astringent pulp.
    Seeds
    Seeds embedded in pockets of clear red pulp, ovoid, compressed, 6–7.5 × 4–5 × 1.3–1.5 mm.; testa with a fibrillose hyaline outer layer.
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest and moist bamboo thicket; 1800–2450 m.
    Distribution
    T2 T4 T7 U2
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Climber; stems herbaceous, grooved, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade ± coriaceous, broadly ovate- or reniform-cordate in outline, glabrous, punctate, puberulous on the nerves above, 100–110 mm. long, 120–140 mm. broad, palmately 3–5-lobed; lobes triangular-ovate or triangular, broadest at base, acuminate, apiculate, with the central largest; petiole 25–40 mm. long, slightly and finely pubescent laterally.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple or bifid.
    Male
    Male flowers 8–16 in short dense unbranched or shortly 2-branched racemes apical on solitary or paired 4–34 mm. long peduncles, also with one solitary flower arising from the base of the peduncle; pedicels 2–6 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, 3 mm. long; lobes small, remote, dentiform; corolla yellow, with the segments 11 mm. long, 3.5 mm. broad, united in lower three-quarters.
    Flowers
    Female flowers, fruits and seeds unknown. Male flowers 8–16 in short dense unbranched or shortly 2-branched racemes apical on solitary or paired 4–34 mm. long peduncles, also with one solitary flower arising from the base of the peduncle; pedicels 2–6 mm. long; receptacle-tube obconic, 3 mm. long; lobes small, remote, dentiform; corolla yellow, with the segments 11 mm. long, 3.5 mm. broad, united in lower three-quarters.
    Female
    Female flowers, fruits and seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Forest edge; 1350 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T6

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Coccinia mildbraedii Gilg ex Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Verdcourt, B. [3649], Tanzania 25056.000
    Purseglove, J.W. [3625], Uganda 6927.000
    Polhill, R. [1476], Tanzania 6926.000

    First published in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 8: 492 (1923)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Harms in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 8: 492 (1923).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0