1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia senensis (Klotzsch) Cogn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Perennial climber to 2 m.; stems herbaceous, ridged, with scattered stiff white hairs, becoming conspicuously white-dotted on ridges when older.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade broadly ovate-cordate in outline, entire or sinuate-toothed, ± scabrid-hairy or scabrid-punctate above, scabrid with short broad-based hairs on the nerves beneath, 54–162 mm. long, 45–190 mm. broad, palmately often deeply 3–5-lobed; lobes triangular or ovate to elliptic or linear-lanceolate, often ± toothed or lobulate, broadest or usually narrowed towards the base, acute to rounded and apiculate, with the central largest; petiole 5–50 mm. long, usually rather short, spreading-hairy with rather scabrid broad-based hairs.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Bracts
    Probracts oblanceolate, acute, with incurved margins, ± 4 mm. long and 2 mm. broad.
    Flowers
    Male flowers in short sessile or pedunculate 2–6-flowered racemes, often with a coaxillary solitary flower, occasionally the flowers solitary or paired; peduncle 0–48 mm. long; pedicels 5–25 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 4–5 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long; corolla campanulate, apricot-orange, green-veined outside, with the lobes 11–13 mm. long, 4.5–10 mm. broad, united in lower half; stamens 3. Female flowers solitary, on 9–15 mm. long stalks; ovary bright green with deeper green slight ridges, 10–11 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 2–3 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes ± 8–10 mm. long and 4 mm. broad, united in lower half.
    Male
    Male flowers in short sessile or pedunculate 2–6-flowered racemes, often with a coaxillary solitary flower, occasionally the flowers solitary or paired; peduncle 0–48 mm. long; pedicels 5–25 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 4–5 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long; corolla campanulate, apricot-orange, green-veined outside, with the lobes 11–13 mm. long, 4.5–10 mm. broad, united in lower half; stamens 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, on 9–15 mm. long stalks; ovary bright green with deeper green slight ridges, 10–11 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube broadly campanulate, 2–3 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes ± 8–10 mm. long and 4 mm. broad, united in lower half.
    Fruits
    Fruit on an 11–30 mm. long stalk, cherry-red, ovoid-ellipsoid, rounded at the ends, smooth, 30–39 mm. long, 15–18 mm. across.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and thicket; 135–460 m.
    Distribution
    T8
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Stems scandent, sparsely pubescent, setulose on ridges, becoming white-punctate when older, thickened at the base and developing thin, pallid bark.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3·5–12 × 4–14 cm., ovate or broadly ovate in outline, deeply cordate, setulose on veins and setulose to strongly scabrid-punctate above, hispid-setulose especially on veins beneath, shallowly to moderately palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes triangular, ovate-triangular or ovate to ovate-oblong, obovate or elliptic, subentire or remotely and obscurely sinuate-denticulate to coarsely sinuate-dentate, sometimes shortly lobulate, acute to rounded, sometimes shortly retuse, apiculate, the central largest.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0·4–2·0 cm. long, usually short (less than 1 cm.) except for the lowermost leaves, shortly setulose.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Probract
    Probracts small, 3–5 mm. long, oblanceolate-spathulate.
    Male
    male flowers in short sessile or 0·7–3 cm. pedunculate racemes, often with a co-axillary 8–28 mm. pedicellate solitary flower; pedicels of racemose flowers 2–6·5 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 2·8–6·5 mm. long, obconic to broadly campanulate, hispid or setulose, lobes 3·5–7 mm. long, lanceolate, acute. Corolla yellow, lobes 1·2 cm. long, united in lower 1/3.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary; pedicels 9–12 mm. long; ovary 8·5–9 × 1·5 mm., cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2 mm. long, campanulate, lobes 3–4 mm. long, lanceolate, acute. male flowers in short sessile or 0·7–3 cm. pedunculate racemes, often with a co-axillary 8–28 mm. pedicellate solitary flower; pedicels of racemose flowers 2–6·5 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 2·8–6·5 mm. long, obconic to broadly campanulate, hispid or setulose, lobes 3·5–7 mm. long, lanceolate, acute. Corolla yellow, lobes 1·2 cm. long, united in lower 1/3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary; pedicels 9–12 mm. long; ovary 8·5–9 × 1·5 mm., cylindrical; receptacle-tube 2 mm. long, campanulate, lobes 3–4 mm. long, lanceolate, acute.
    Fruits
    Fruits c. 3·2 × 1·7 cm., ellipsoid, smooth, shortly rostrate; fruit-stalk 1–2·1 cm. long, hispid.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5·8 × 4·2 × 1·5 mm., ovate in outline, compressed, pallid, bordered; testa fibrillose.
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Stems scandent to 2 m., sparsely setulose, becoming white-punctate when older.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5·5–17 × 6–12·5 cm., broadly ovate in outline, cordate, scabrid-punctate above, setulose on veins or almost glabrous beneath, shallowly to deeply palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes triangular, ovate, obovate-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, denticulate, often sharply so, or coarsely sinuate-dentate, sometimes lobulate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the central largest.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0·4–4 cm. long, setulose or hispid, usually short except towards the base of the plant.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils 2-fid, often with one branch very weakly developed, or simple.
    Probract
    Probracts 3–7 mm. long, oblanceolate-spathulate.
    Flowers
    male flowers in pedunculate racemes, co-axillary with solitary flower; peduncles 1·3–5·5 cm. long, shortly setulose; pedicels shortly setulose, those of racemose flowers 4–15 mm. long, of solitary flowers 15–35 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3·5–5 mm. long, campanulate, shortly setulose, lobes 3–4·5 mm. long, lanceolate, recurved. Corolla yellow or orange-yellow, campanulate, the lobes 1·5–3 × 1–1·5 mm., united to above the middle. Female flowers solitary; pedicels 5–13 mm. long, sparsely setulose; ovary 8–11 × 2·5–3 mm., ellipsoid; receptacle-tube 2·5–3 mm. long, narrowly campanulate, lobes 2·3–3·5 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate, narrow, recurved; corolla similar to that of male flower.
    Male
    male flowers in pedunculate racemes, co-axillary with solitary flower; peduncles 1·3–5·5 cm. long, shortly setulose; pedicels shortly setulose, those of racemose flowers 4–15 mm. long, of solitary flowers 15–35 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 3·5–5 mm. long, campanulate, shortly setulose, lobes 3–4·5 mm. long, lanceolate, recurved. Corolla yellow or orange-yellow, campanulate, the lobes 1·5–3 × 1–1·5 mm., united to above the middle.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary; pedicels 5–13 mm. long, sparsely setulose; ovary 8–11 × 2·5–3 mm., ellipsoid; receptacle-tube 2·5–3 mm. long, narrowly campanulate, lobes 2·3–3·5 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate, narrow, recurved; corolla similar to that of male flower.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2·5–4 × 1·3–1·8 cm., ellipsoid, terete, obtuse, red; fruit-stalk 1–2 cm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5·5–7 × 3–5 × 1·2–1·3 mm., broadly ovate or ovate in outline, lenticular, compressed; testa fibrillose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Coccinia senensis (Klotzsch) Cogn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bremmitt, R.K. [8895], Malawi 25694.080
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4403], Tanzania Coccinia fernandesiana 1694.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7473], Tanzania Coccinia fernandesiana 6509.000
    Torre, A.R. [14060], Mozambique Coccinia fernandesiana K000313233 paratype

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 3: 535 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Holstein, N. & Renner, S.S. (2010). Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) gains two new species from East Africa, three new synonyms, and one new combination Kew Bulletin 65: 435-441. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cogn. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 535 (1881).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0