1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Coccinia Wight & Arn.
      1. Coccinia trilobata (Cogn.) C.Jeffrey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Kenya to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Climber or trailer to 4 m.; rootstock tuberous; stems tough, herbaceous, shortly and usually rather thinly hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade ovate-cordate in outline, hairy beneath, sometimes densely so, becoming scabrid-punctate above, 30–145 mm. long, 35–90 mm. broad, palmately 3–5-lobed, rarely unlobed and then ovate-triangular; lobes broadly elliptic-rhombic and narrowed below, or subtriangular and broadest at the base, subentire with small apiculate teeth or sometimes lobulate, acute to rounded and apiculate; petiole finely and shortly spreading-hairy, 8–165 mm. long.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Bracts
    Probracts obovate-oblanceolate, ± 3 mm. long, acute.
    Flowers
    Male flowers 1–6 together, sometimes on short leafless lateral branches and then appearing racemose; pedicels 5–65 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly funnel-shaped, 3–5 mm. long; lobes ovate-lanceolate to filiform, recurved, 2–6 mm. long; corolla yellow, veined green, with the lobes 11–20 mm. long, 5–10 mm. broad, united in lower half or quarter; stamens 3. Female flowers solitary on 6–20 mm. long stalks; ovary hairy, 11–22 mm. long, 2–5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 2–3.5 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy inside at the mouth; lobes filiform, recurved, 3–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 18–20 mm. long, 8–10 mm. broad, united in lower half or more deeply parted so as to be almost free, or unequally so.
    Male
    Male flowers 1–6 together, sometimes on short leafless lateral branches and then appearing racemose; pedicels 5–65 mm. long; receptacle-tube broadly funnel-shaped, 3–5 mm. long; lobes ovate-lanceolate to filiform, recurved, 2–6 mm. long; corolla yellow, veined green, with the lobes 11–20 mm. long, 5–10 mm. broad, united in lower half or quarter; stamens 3.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary on 6–20 mm. long stalks; ovary hairy, 11–22 mm. long, 2–5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 2–3.5 mm. long, densely glandular-hairy inside at the mouth; lobes filiform, recurved, 3–4 mm. long; corolla-lobes 18–20 mm. long, 8–10 mm. broad, united in lower half or more deeply parted so as to be almost free, or unequally so.
    Fruits
    Fruit on a 14–28 mm. long stalk, bright red with green markings, ellipsoid, 54–89 mm. long, 22–43 mm. across.
    Seeds
    Seeds pyriform in outline, slightly expanded at point of attachment, flattened, 7–7.5 × 2.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm.; margins rather thick, 2-grooved; testa fibrillose.
    Habitat
    Wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 900–2170 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Coccinia trilobata (Cogn.) C.Jeffrey appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [2751], Tanzania K000353415
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [2522], Tanzania K000353419
    Jun 1, 1965 Drummond, R.B. [3007], Tanzania K000353422
    Jun 1, 1965 Bally, P.R.O. [7783], Kenya K000353365
    Jun 1, 1965 Bally, P.R.O. [883], Kenya K000353374
    Jun 1, 1965 Napier, E.R. [6669], Kenya K000353349
    Jun 1, 1965 Napier, E.R. [6236], Kenya K000353350
    Jun 1, 1965 Verdcourt, B. [364], Kenya K000353352
    Jun 1, 1965 Verdcourt, B. [1942], Kenya K000353375
    Jun 1, 1965 Dowson, W.J. [366], Kenya K000353362
    Jun 1, 1965 Dowson, W.J. [212], Kenya K000353363
    Jun 1, 1965 Gilbert Rogers, C. [473], Kenya K000353368
    Jun 1, 1965 Gilbert Rogers, C. [483], Kenya K000353369
    Jun 1, 1965 Gilbert Rogers, C. [630], Kenya K000353370
    Jun 1, 1965 Gilbert Rogers, C. [470], Kenya K000353380
    Jun 1, 1965 Kirika, P. [243], Kenya K000353348
    Jun 1, 1965 Kirika, P. [242], Kenya K000353351
    Jun 1, 1965 Someren van [2634], Kenya K000353357
    Jun 1, 1965 s.coll. [8471], Kenya K000353373
    Verdcourt, B. [364], Kenya 3247.000
    Verdcourt, B. [2617A], Kenya 8070.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3004], Tanzania 4620.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2522], Tanzania 4621.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2751], Tanzania 6501.000
    Gilbert, M.G. [5001], Kenya K000353361
    Stannard, B. [824863], Kenya K000353339
    Richards, M. [20036], Tanzania K000353413
    Polhill, E. [156], Kenya K000353346
    Archbold, M.E. [3386], Tanzania K000353414
    Archbold, M.E. [575], Tanzania K000353425
    Faden, R.B. [822], Kenya K000353355
    Verdcourt, B. [3003], Kenya K000353345
    Hooper, S.S. [1697], Kenya K000353353
    Bytebier, B. [1888], Kenya K000353367
    Grimshaw, J.M. [931137], Tanzania K000353359
    Grimshaw, J.M. [931294], Tanzania K000353360
    Kerfoot, O. [3589], Kenya K000353340
    Kerfoot, O. [3543], Kenya K000353341
    Kerfoot, O. [3541], Kenya K000353342
    Kerfoot, O. [3542], Kenya K000353343
    Kerfoot, O. [3538], Kenya K000353344
    Kahurananga, J. [3055], Kenya K000353354

    First published in Kew Bull. 15: 349 (1962)

    Accepted by

    • Holstein, N. (2015). Monograph of Coccinia (Cucurbitaceae) PhytoKeys 54: 1-166.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 349 (1962).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0