1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Telfairia Hook.
      1. Telfairia pedata (Sm.) Hook.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tanzania to N. Mozambique, Comoros, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Liane with fleshy roots.
    Stem
    Stems herbaceous, ribbed, glabrous, climbing to 30 m. or more, perennial, becoming thickened and woody when old.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 5–7 foliolate; median leaflet broadly lanceolate or elliptic, acuminate, acute, narrowed into the petiole, obscurely sinuate-toothed, glabrous or with sparse scattered hairs especially on the main nerves, penni-nerved, 55–130 mm. long, 20–60 mm. broad; lateral leaflets similar, relatively broader and occasionally lobed on the outer side at the base; petiolules up to 65 mm. long; petiole 90–100 mm. long, like the petiolules glabrous or ± short-hairy.
    Bracts
    Probracts 3–20 mm. long, stalk-like below, spathulate and hooded above.
    Male
    Male flowers in 58–230 mm. long racemes; bracts 5–10 mm. long and broad, pubescent, adnate to the pedicels below, expanded and toothed above; pedicels 5–30 mm. long; receptacle-tube campanulate, pubescent outside, ± 5 mm. long; lobes triangular-acuminate, pubescent, coarsely toothed, ± 16 mm. long; petals obovate-cuneate, ± 20 mm. long, crinkly, pinkish-purple, green-striped near the base; stamens 5 or 3.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with stalks 65–140 mm. long; ovary green, cylindrical, ± 60 × 15 mm., with an expanded basal collar ± 25 mm. across, 10-ribbed, pubescent; receptacle-tube very short; lobes dentiform, ± 2 mm. long, entire; petals larger than those of ♂ flower, otherwise similar. Male flowers in 58–230 mm. long racemes; bracts 5–10 mm. long and broad, pubescent, adnate to the pedicels below, expanded and toothed above; pedicels 5–30 mm. long; receptacle-tube campanulate, pubescent outside, ± 5 mm. long; lobes triangular-acuminate, pubescent, coarsely toothed, ± 16 mm. long; petals obovate-cuneate, ± 20 mm. long, crinkly, pinkish-purple, green-striped near the base; stamens 5 or 3.
    Female
    Female flowers with stalks 65–140 mm. long; ovary green, cylindrical, ± 60 × 15 mm., with an expanded basal collar ± 25 mm. across, 10-ribbed, pubescent; receptacle-tube very short; lobes dentiform, ± 2 mm. long, entire; petals larger than those of ♂ flower, otherwise similar.
    Fruits
    Fruit green, ellipsoid with a lobed expanded base, bluntly 10-ribbed, 320–450 mm. long and 160–250 mm. across or even larger, dehiscent apically.
    Seeds
    Seeds very many, broader than long, ± 35 × 40 × 13 mm., each enclosed in a persistent densely reticulate endocarpic fibrous sheath obscuring the faintly verrucose true testa.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/1–6.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest and riverine forest; 0–1100 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T6 T7 T8 Z cultivated elsewhere in Africa and formerly in the Mascarene Is.
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Liane up to 30 m. or more in length; young stems herbaceous, glabrous, later softly ligneous, with thin pallid papyraceous bark.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 5–7-foliolate; median leaflet 5·5–14 × 2–7·5 cm., oblong to broadly elliptic, acuminate, acute, ± sinuate-toothed especially in upper part, subglabrous, pinnately veined, lateral leaflets similar, the outermost smaller and occasionally lobed near the base; petiolules 1–6·5 cm. long; petioles 2·5–10 cm. long, glabrous or shortly hairy.
    Probract
    Probracts 3–20 mm. long, stalk-like below, expanded and cucullate above.
    Flowers
    male racemes 6–23·5 cm. long; bracts 4–10 mm. long, broadly ovate, dentate, pubescent, adnate to the pedicels; pedicels 0·5–5 cm. long. Receptacle-tube c. 0·5 mm. long, campanulate, densely shortly hairy; lobes 12–18 mm. long, ovate to lanceolate, acute, sometimes acuminate, shortly laciniate. Petals 2–3·5 cm. long, obovate-cuneate, crinkly, purplish, green-striped near the base. Female flowers solitary on 6·5–14 cm. long peduncles, somewhat larger than the male.
    Male
    male racemes 6–23·5 cm. long; bracts 4–10 mm. long, broadly ovate, dentate, pubescent, adnate to the pedicels; pedicels 0·5–5 cm. long. Receptacle-tube c. 0·5 mm. long, campanulate, densely shortly hairy; lobes 12–18 mm. long, ovate to lanceolate, acute, sometimes acuminate, shortly laciniate. Petals 2–3·5 cm. long, obovate-cuneate, crinkly, purplish, green-striped near the base.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary on 6·5–14 cm. long peduncles, somewhat larger than the male.
    Fruits
    Fruit 30–90 × 15–25 cm., green, ellipsoid with a lobed expanded base, bluntly 10-ribbed.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, 3·3–3·5 × 3·2–4·0 × 1·0–1·3 cm., compressed; endocarpic sheath persistent, reticulate, obscuring the faintly verrucose testa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius, Zambia, Zaïre

    Telfairia pedata (Sm.) Hook. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 s.coll. [s.n.], Mauritius K000975590
    Bojer, W. [s.n.], Mauritius K000975589
    s.coll. [s.n.], Mauritius K000975588

    First published in Bot. Mag. 54: t. 2751 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keraudren, Fl. Madag. Cucurbitac.: 56 (1966).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 176 (1949).
    • Hassib, Cucurbitac. in Egypt: 25 (1938).
    • A. Zimm., Cucurbitac. 2: 11, 22, 32, 55, 89, 108, 114, figs. 9/3, 15/13, 22, 40/3–4, 67, 79/8–18, 82/7 (1922).
    • Stuhlmann in Deutsch Ost-Afrika 10: 408 (1909).
    • Hiern, Cat. Welw. Afr. Pl. 2: 387 (1898).
    • Hook. f. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 523 (1871).
    • Hook. in Bot. Mag. 54, t. 2751 & 2752 (1827).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0