1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Epipogium Borkh.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Tropical Africa to SW. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Leafless, achlorophyllose, saprophytic herbs with scape arising from tuberous rhizome
    Scape
    Scape simple, erect, with a few basal sheaths
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, lax
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate
    Tepal
    Tepals subequal, free
    Labellum
    Lip wider than tepals, spurred, concave, with finely warted crests
    Column
    Column short; anther short, broad; pollinia 2, sectile, each with a slender curved caudicle attached to a single broad viscidium; stigma prominent, broad; rostellum absent
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, pendulous.
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Leafless, saprophytic herb lacking chlorophyll; rhizome tuberous.
    Scape
    Scape erect with a few basal sheaths; inflorescence terminal.
    Tepal
    Tepals free, subequal; lip spurred, concave with verrucose crests.
    Column
    Column and anther short; pollinia 2, sectile, each with a slender, curved caudicle and a single broad viscidium.
    Stigma
    Stigma broad, prominent; rostellum absent.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, pendulous, developing quickly.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Amur, Angola, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Borneo, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Sakhalin, Solomon Is., South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Epipogium Borkh. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Tent. Disp. Pl. German.: 139 (1792)

    Accepted by

    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 188.
    • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 330, 331 (1810)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Tent. Disp. Pl. German.: 139 (1792).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 330, 331 (1810)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0