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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

sex Male
male flowers 3–60 or more in dense subumbelliform or shortly racemiform sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters, usually co-axillary with a long-pedicellate solitary flower, rarely solitary; peduncles 0·9–7 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–10 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 2·0–5·5 mm. long, pale green; lobes 0·2–1·5 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–3·5 mm. long, white, becoming yellowish with age; stamens 3.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary or 2–10 or more in subumbelliform sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters; peduncles up to 2·7 cm. long; pedicels 0·4–11(20) mm. long; ovary 2·5–5 mm. long, ellipsoid, rostrate, glabrous or shortly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 1–10 or more in axillary clusters, bright red, usually glabrous, globose, 8–13 mm. in diameter, or ellipsoid, 10–12 × 7–8 mm.; pedicels 2–68 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2·0–5·6 × 1·1–4·5 × 0·4–1 mm., ovate in outline, smooth, compressed.
Morphology General Habit
Stems to 6 m., almost glabrous or sparsely to densely shortly crispate-pubescent or setulose, prostrate or scandent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 1·9–11 × 2–11 cm., membraneous to subcoriaceous, ovate or broadly ovate in outline, deeply cordate to subtruncate at the base, deep green and scabrid-punctate above, paler and sparsely setulose to densely cinereous-velutinous on the veins beneath, obscurely and remotely to prominently sinuate-denticulate at the margins, unlobed or sometimes palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes broadly triangular to ovate or elliptic, the central largest, shortly acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the lateral shorter.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 0·7–7·0 cm. long, glabrous to densely antrorsely setulose or crispate-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious. male flowers 3–60 or more in dense subumbelliform or shortly racemiform sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters, usually co-axillary with a long-pedicellate solitary flower, rarely solitary; peduncles 0·9–7 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–10 mm. long. Receptacle-tube 2·0–5·5 mm. long, pale green; lobes 0·2–1·5 mm. long, dentiform. Petals 1·5–3·5 mm. long, white, becoming yellowish with age; stamens 3. Female flowers solitary or 2–10 or more in subumbelliform sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters; peduncles up to 2·7 cm. long; pedicels 0·4–11(20) mm. long; ovary 2·5–5 mm. long, ellipsoid, rostrate, glabrous or shortly pubescent.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Surud, tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia.
Morphology General Habit
Scandent or trailing herb to 10 m, old stems becoming woody with corky ridged bark
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, broadly ovate, or pentagonal, cordate, sinuate-dentate, ± scabrid-punctate above, sparsely setulose to densely tomentose beneath, 1.5–11 x 1.5–11 cm, unlobed or usually palmately 3–5-lobed, lobes ovate to triangular, the central largest; petiole 0.5–7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology
Dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers 3–many in subsessile or pedunculate subumbelliform clusters Female flowers in usually sessile subumbelliform clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles up to 7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1.5–10 mm long Pedicels 1–5(–10) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium campanulate, 2–5.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals dentiform, up to 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, becoming cream then yellow with age, 1.5–3.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ellipsoid, rostrate, 2.5–5 mm long, glabrous or shortly pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth as in male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits globose to ellipsoid, sometimes apiculate, fleshy, green or green with darker longitudinal lines, sometimes glaucous, red when ripe, 0.8–1.3 x 0.7–0.8 cm; pedicel 2–20 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, 2–4 mm long.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb climbing or trailing to 6 m.; young stems rather shortly and closely crisped-pubescent, sometimes densely so, but sometimes almost glabrous except at the nodes, less often sparsely spreading-hairy or completely glabrous; older stems thickened, woody, up to 15 mm. across, with greyish-brown slightly fissured bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ± ovate-cordate or ovate-subtruncate in outline, ± scabrid-punctate above, paler green and subglabrous or sparsely scabrid-hairy to densely cinereous-tomentose beneath, sinuate-toothed, acute to rounded, apiculate and often ± acuminate, 25–110 mm. long, 19–110 mm. broad, sometimes shallowly 3-lobed with large middle lobe and small triangular lateral lobes, rarely palmately 5-lobed with the lobes triangular, or obovate and distinctly narrowed below, sometimes heterophyllous; petiole usually rather shortly and sparsely hairy, 7–85 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dioecious. Male flowers 2–60 in sessile or up to 85 mm. pedunculate umbelliform clusters, often with a coaxillary long-pedicellate solitary flower, rarely the inflorescence compound with more than one umbelliform cluster borne at intervals along the peduncle; bracts usually absent; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long, hairy within; lobes ± subulate, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals white, becoming creamy-yellow when old, 1.8–3 mm. long, 1.3–2 mm. broad; stamens 3, on fairly long filaments. Female flowers occasionally solitary, usually 2–16 in sessile or up to 26 mm. pedunculate umbelliform groups, often with a coaxillary solitary flower; pedicels 1–10 mm. long; ovary subglobose to fusiform, sometimes beaked, 3–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.3 mm. across; receptacle-tube campanulate, hairy within, 2–4 mm. long; lobes subulate, ± 0.5 mm. long; petals 2–2.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad.
sex Male
Male flowers 2–60 in sessile or up to 85 mm. pedunculate umbelliform clusters, often with a coaxillary long-pedicellate solitary flower, rarely the inflorescence compound with more than one umbelliform cluster borne at intervals along the peduncle; bracts usually absent; receptacle-tube 2.5–4 mm. long, hairy within; lobes ± subulate, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals white, becoming creamy-yellow when old, 1.8–3 mm. long, 1.3–2 mm. broad; stamens 3, on fairly long filaments.
sex Female
Female flowers occasionally solitary, usually 2–16 in sessile or up to 26 mm. pedunculate umbelliform groups, often with a coaxillary solitary flower; pedicels 1–10 mm. long; ovary subglobose to fusiform, sometimes beaked, 3–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.3 mm. across; receptacle-tube campanulate, hairy within, 2–4 mm. long; lobes subulate, ± 0.5 mm. long; petals 2–2.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits solitary or more often in sessile or pedunculate axillary clusters of up to 10 (rarely more), with 2–20 mm. long pedicels, baccate, sphaeroid, rounded or more rarely slightly apiculate, 6–12 mm. long, 5–11 mm. across, scarlet, ± scrobiculate when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, smooth, compressed, lenticular, 2.2–4 × 1.3–2.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm.
Figures
Fig. 21/1–8, p. 120.
Habitat
Rain- and swamp or other ground-water forest, riverine forest, grass thicket, seasonal swamp and damp places generally in bushland and woodland; also a weed of roadsides and plantations; 80–3350 m.
Distribution
tropical Africa K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Corcoran, M.R. [12], Cameroon K000580428
Jan 1, 2009 Nana felicite [155], Cameroon K000580429
Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [13387], Cameroon K000580427
May 1, 2003 Groves, M. [40], Cameroon K000008504
Feb 1, 2003 Lane, P. [316], Cameroon K000008352
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2025], Cameroon K000008353
Feb 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9044], Cameroon K000008351
Feb 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7146], Cameroon K000008350
Feb 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9468], Cameroon K000008310
Feb 1, 2003 Sidwell, K. [406], Cameroon K000008349
Feb 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1636], Cameroon K000008309
Feb 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9566], Cameroon K000008311
Jun 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [377], Cameroon K000338142
Jun 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [643], Cameroon K000338159
Jun 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [2341 A], Cameroon K000338154
Jun 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [629], Cameroon K000338153
Jun 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [558 A], Cameroon K000338156
Jun 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8569], Cameroon K000338152
Jun 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [3413], Cameroon K000338155
May 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [863], Cameroon K000338157
May 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [732], Cameroon K000338158
Jun 1, 1965 Schimper [1242] K000313422
Jan 1, 1965 Mann G. [1277], Cameroon K000050756 Unknown type material
Milne-Redhead, E. [11292], Tanzania 1767.000
Bullock, A.A. [1941], Tanzania 1774.000
Norman, E.M. [203], Uganda 1776.000
Brummitt, R.K. [10772], Malawi 25694.145
Brummitt, R.K. [10093], Malawi 25694.146
Verdcourt, B. [3978A], Kenya 25794.000
Gillespie, J.B. [278], Kenya 27386.000
Polhill, R. [1806], Tanzania 3277.000
Ash, J. [1992], Ethiopia 35861.000
Ash, J. [224], Ethiopia 39916.000
Drummond, R.B. [2738], Tanzania 4666.000
Norman, E.M. [219], Uganda 4667.000
Drummond, R.B. [4326], Kenya 4668.000
Hepper, F.N. [1690], Cameroon 4669.000
Drummond, R.B. [1396], Tanzania 4670.000
Drummond, R.B. [2916], Tanzania 4671.000
Drummond, R.B. [2984], Tanzania 4672.000
Verdcourt, B. [671], Kenya 5003.000
Polhill, R. [1490], Tanzania 5004.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [11409], Tanzania 5167.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8993], Tanzania 835.000
Tweedie, E.M. [1384], Kenya 836.000
Pegler, A. [1512], South Africa K000313344
Zeyher [596] K000313345
Burke K000313346
Zeyher [596] K000313353
Drege K000313347
Drege K000313348
Pichi-Sermolli, R. [2221], Ethiopia K000313425 Unknown type material
Schimper [164] K000313430 Unknown type material
Schimper [164] K000313431 Unknown type material
Quartin-Dillon et Petis [35] K000313432
Mann [628], Bioko K000313442
Morton, J.K. [6715], Cameroon K000050749
Breteler, F.J. [273], Cameroon K000050751
Boughey, A.S. [10998], Cameroon K000050750
Morton, J.K. [850], Cameroon K000050755
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8448], Cameroon K000050747

First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 2: 486 (1862)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nazimuddin, S. & Naqvi, S.S.H. (1984). Flora of Pakistan 154: 1-56. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Keraudren-Aymonin, M. (1975). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Cucurbitaceae: 1-152. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.B.E. (2010). Flora Malesiana 19: 1-342. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 15: 369 (1962).
  • Hook. f. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 560 (1871).
  • R. & A. Fernandes in Mem. Junta Invest. Ultram., sér. 2, 34: 123 (1962).
  • Sond. in Fl. Cap. 2: 486 (1862).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0