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This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to SW. Ethiopia and S. Africa, Madagascar.
Melinis nerviglumis

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous, or pubescent. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 15-120 cm long; (0.7-)1-2(-2.4) mm diam.; 4-6 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous, or pubescent. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a fringe of hairs; (0.3-)0.4-0.7(-1.5) mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; involute, or convolute; 5-30 cm long; 2-3(-4.5) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or oblong; dense; 4-30 cm long; 1.5-5(-11) cm wide. Panicle branches capillary; pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels glabrous, or bearing a few hairs; hairy above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; (3-)4-5 mm long; with hairs extending 1-4 mm beyond apex; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below basal sterile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; gibbous; (3-)4-5 mm long; with hairs extending 1-4 mm beyond apex; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below basal sterile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong, or ovate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.2-0.25 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface villous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; gibbous; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keels; 5(-7) -veined. Upper glume surface villous; hairy below. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume hairs white, or purple. Upper glume apex lobed; 2 -fid; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 5 -veined; glabrous, or villous; hairy below; bearing white hairs, or purple hairs; emarginate; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 2-6 mm long. Palea of lower sterile floret pilose. Fertile lemma oblong; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Palea cartilaginous; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Stigmas laterally exserted.
Distribution
Africa: west-central tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Densely caespitose perennial, the basal sheaths glabrous to tomentose; culms 15–120 cm. high, erect.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades setaceous and crowded into a basal tussock, 5–30 cm. long, the larger plants also with flat cauline leaves 2–4 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle linear to narrowly oblong, 4–26 cm. long; pedicels glabrous or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, (3–)4–5 mm. long, densely villous with silky white, pink or purple hairs extending 1–4 mm. beyond the tip but the lower half sometimes merely pubescent; lower glume a little ovate or oblong scale up to 1 mm. long, mostly concealed by hairs, usually inserted close to the upper glume; upper glume gently curved on the back, chartaceous with a membranous tip, minutely emarginate, mucronate or inconspicuously awned (up to 4 mm.); lower floret male, its lemma resembling the upper glume and usually separated from it by a very short internode, its palea ciliate on the keels.
Habitat
Upland grassland on open hillsides: 600–2300 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K4 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U2 Gabon and Zaire, southwards to the Cape

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Congo, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, Thailand, Vietnam

Melinis nerviglumis (Franch.) Zizka appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000281588 isotype
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000281589 holotype
Stolz, A. [1095], Tanzania K000281668 isotype
Stolz, A. [967], Tanzania K000281667 isosyntype
Münzneri [205], Tanzania K000281666 isotype
Busse, W. [850], Tanzania K000281665 isosyntype
Gossweiler [8603], Angola K000281630 isotype
Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1632], Zimbabwe K000281629 syntype
Bachmann [191], South Africa K000281567 isotype
Buchanan, J. [86], South Africa K000281564
Rehmann, A. [8456], South Africa K000281563 holotype
Mann, G. [1889], Gabon K000281727 isotype
Mann, G. [1029], Gabon K000281728
Thollon [380], Congo, DRC K000281730 isosyntype
Thollon, Congo, DRC K000281729 isosyntype
Thollon [381], Congo, DRC K000281731 isotype
Vanderyst, H., Zaïre K000281735
Vanderyst, H., Zaïre K000281734
Vanderyst, H., Zaire K000281733
Vanderyst, H. [B97 bis], Zaire K000281732 isotype
Demeuse [102], Zaire K000281736 isotype
van Beusekom, C.F. [1168], Thailand K000688275
Smitinand, T. [11472], Thailand K000688276
Smitinand, T. [5904], Thailand K000688274

First published in Biblioth. Bot. 38(138): 111 (1988)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Snow, N. & Davidse, G. (2011). Notes on grasses (Poaceae) in Hawai'i: 3 Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 17-22.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Snow, N. & Davidse, G. (2011). Notes on grasses (Poaceae) in Hawai'i: 3 Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 17-22.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/