1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Sacciolepis Nash

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A. and E. Asia to Tropical & Subtropical.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (11), or perennial (14). Rhizomes absent (17), or short (6), or elongated (3). Stolons absent, or present (1). Culms erect (6/13), or geniculately ascending (6/13), or decumbent (6/13); slender (1/3), or weak (2/3); 10-59.18-200 cm long; spongy (5), or compressible (1), or firm (18), or wiry (1); without nodal roots (1/6), or rooting from lower nodes (5/6), or with aerial roots from the nodes (1/6). Culm-internodes terete (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/2), or sparse (1/2), or ample (1/2). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (24), or erect (2). Ligule an eciliate membrane (12), or a ciliolate membrane (12), or a fringe of hairs (1), or absent (1). Leaf-blades filiform (2), or linear (23), or lanceolate (1). Leaf-blade apex muticous (24), or pungent (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (1), or contracted (2), or spiciform (24). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels tip discoid (4/4).
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent (24), or rudimentary (1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (7), or oblong (1), or ovate (16), or orbicular (1); laterally compressed (22), or subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (2); symmetrical (2), or gibbous (23); 0.7-2.638-5 mm long; falling entire. Basal sterile spikelets absent (24), or rudimentary (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (7), or oblong (1), or ovate (16), or orbicular (1); laterally compressed (22), or subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (2); symmetrical (2), or gibbous (23); 0.7-2.638-5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets (20), or exceeding apex of florets (5); thinner than fertile lemma; parallel to lemmas (24), or gaping (1). Lower glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (3), or oblong (1), or ovate (16), or orbicular (3), or oblate (1); clasping (1/1); hyaline (20), or membranous (5); without keels; 1-2 -veined (1/24), or 3 -veined (12/24), or 4 -veined (3/24), or 5 -veined (12/24), or 6 -veined (5/24), or 7 -veined (8/24), or 8-9 -veined (1/24). Lower glume lateral veins distinct (24), or unequally thickened (1). Lower glume surface glabrous (21), or pubescent (2), or pilose (1), or hirsute (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (14), or acute (16). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (10), or oblong (7), or ovate (9); not gibbous (2), or gibbous (23); 1-1.588-2.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (19), or chartaceous (2), or herbaceous (2), or coriaceous (3); with undifferentiated margins (24), or hyaline margins (1); without keels; 5-8-13 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (24), or ciliate (1). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface glabrous (18), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (8), or hispidulous (1); with simple hairs (9/10), or tubercle-based hairs (1/10). Upper glume apex obtuse (7), or acute (18), or acuminate (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (12), or barren (17); with palea (20), or without significant palea (6). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (2), or elliptic (10), or oblong (5), or ovate (10); 1.1 length of fertile lemma; hyaline (1), or membranous (18), or chartaceous (2), or herbaceous (2), or coriaceous (3); 3-4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (6), or 6 -veined (3), or 7 -veined (12), or 9 -veined (8), or 11 -veined (1), or 15 -veined (1); without ribs (1), or ribbed (24); obtuse (5), or acute (18), or acuminate (2). Fertile lemma elliptic (15), or oblong (8), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; chartaceous (3), or coriaceous (21), or indurate (1); without keel; 5 -veined (14/14). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (5/23), or acute (18/23). Palea involute; chartaceous (3), or cartilaginous (2), or coriaceous (19), or indurate (1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (2/2); fleshy (2/2). Anthers 2 (1/11), or 3 (10/11).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (5/5); ellipsoid (3/4), or oblong (1/4); plano-convex (1/1). Embryo 0.4-0.5-0.6 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (4/4).
    Distribution
    Africa (18), or Temperate Asia (3), or Tropical Asia (7), or Australasia (2), or Pacific (1), or North America (3), or South America (6).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate to convolute; ligule membranous, often very short
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence typically a dense spiciform panicle, rarely open
    Spikelets
    Spikelets oblong to lanceolate, asymmetrical; glumes herbaceous to membranous, prominently nerved, the lower mostly shorter than the spikelet, the upper gibbous and as long as the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, its lemma resembling the upper glume but less gibbous, with or without a palea; upper lemma usually shorter than the spikelet, thinly coriaceous, smooth, gibbous, not crested, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
    Fruits
    Caryopsis obliquely ellipsoid.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Inflorescence a dense spiciform panicle, rarely open.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets laterally (S. africana, S. interrupta dorsally) compressed, asymmetrical.
    Glume
    Glumes prominently ribbed, the inferior 1/3–3/4 length of spikelet (shorter in species 1–3), the superior equalling spikelet and gibbous.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma resembling superior glume but less gibbous. Superior lemma dorsally compressed, thinly coriaceous to cartilaginous, with flat or involute but never hyaline margins, the floret readily deciduous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New Jersey, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Caroline Is., Ecuador, Fiji, Hawaii, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Marianas, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, Réunion, Tubuai Is.

    Sacciolepis Nash appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Griffith, W. [6476], India K000674794
    Griffiths, W. [s.n.], India K000674792
    s.coll. [16038], India K000674793

    First published in N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 89 (1901)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 747 (1920).
    • in Britton, Man. Fl. North. U.S. 89 (1901)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Simon in Kew Bull. 27: 387–406(1972).
    • in Britton, Man. Fl. North. States: 89 (1901).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • B.K. Simon in K.B. 27: 387 (1972)
    • in Britton, Man. Fl. Northern U.S.: 89 (1901)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/