1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Spheneria Kuhlm.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Guianas to W. Brazil.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 10-40 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral. Central inflorescence axis tip filiform. Rhachis terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. Spikelet packing abaxial; 1 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; tip oblique.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; pubescent; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; pubescent; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume oblong; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent; with a transverse fringe of hair. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret obovate; membranous; 5 -veined; obtuse. Fertile lemma obovate; indurate; without keel. Lemma apex rostrate. Palea indurate.
    Distribution
    South America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Guyana, Suriname

    Spheneria Kuhlm. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Relat. Commiss. Linhas Telegr. Estratég. Matto Grosso Amazonas 5(11): 57 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0