1. Family: Zamiaceae Horan.
    1. Genus: Encephalartos Lehm.
      1. Encephalartos ferox G.Bertol.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Encephalartos ferox is rated as Near Threatened (NT) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -5.83, which places it in position 667 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 58.68, ranked 1035. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.
    [FZ]

    Cycadaceae, John Lewis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Short-stemmed or with a trunk up to 1–3 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves about 1 x 0–25 m.; median leaflets up to 20 x 7 cm., ovate with the margin fairly regularly divided into deltoid spinescent teeth which are c. 0–5 cm. long on the lateral margins but appear longer apically; leaflets diminishing in size towards the leaf-base, ultimately becoming bifurcated spines.
    Cones
    Median male cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed; head triangular in outline with a hexagonal terminal facet. Female cone, 30 x 15 cm., 1–3, subsessile, bright red; median cone-scales up to 7 cm. long, glabrous, with a dorsiventrally flattened head of almost square outline bearing two long processes that extend to the cone-axis between the seeds of adjacent scales, the umbo concave terminally and not deflexed.
    Male
    Median male cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed; head triangular in outline with a hexagonal terminal facet.
    Female
    Female cone, 30 x 15 cm., 1–3, subsessile, bright red; median cone-scales up to 7 cm. long, glabrous, with a dorsiventrally flattened head of almost square outline bearing two long processes that extend to the cone-axis between the seeds of adjacent scales, the umbo concave terminally and not deflexed.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 x 1–5 cm., bright vermilion-red, becoming black, the fleshy part exceeding the stony inner part distally by about 2 cm.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique

    Encephalartos ferox G.Bertol. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 3: 264 (1851)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0