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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Cape Prov. to Eswatini.

[EDGE]

Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

Conservation
Encephalartos villosus is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.46, which places it in position 1012 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 4.22, ranked 931. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

[FZ]

Cycadaceae, John Lewis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Trunk not developed, only the crown above ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 2 m. long, recurved, densely woolly when young, glabrate; leaflets up to 20 x 1.8 cm., linear or narrowly oblong, ± straight, margin with usually 1–5 spines on either side more closely set apically, sometimes entire especially on the distal side; leaflets reducing in size and becoming oblong towards the base, ceasing abruptly or reducing ultimately to simple spines; petiole 20–50 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Cones
Male cones up to 60 x 10 cm., cylindric, strongly smelling; peduncle up to 20 cm. long; median cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed so that the terminal facet is retained in a plane parallel to the axis of the cone; head rhombic with a rounded dentate adaxial margin, terminal facet rhombic and flat. Female cones up to 45 cm. long, oblong, ovoid, yellowing, pedunculate; median cone-scales straight with the head much inflated; head elliptic with somewhat blunted edges; adaxial margin rounded and medially dentate, terminal facet deflexed.
sex Male
Male cones up to 60 x 10 cm., cylindric, strongly smelling; peduncle up to 20 cm. long; median cone-scales ascending with the head deflexed so that the terminal facet is retained in a plane parallel to the axis of the cone; head rhombic with a rounded dentate adaxial margin, terminal facet rhombic and flat.
sex Female
Female cones up to 45 cm. long, oblong, ovoid, yellowing, pedunculate; median cone-scales straight with the head much inflated; head elliptic with somewhat blunted edges; adaxial margin rounded and medially dentate, terminal facet deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3 cm. long, ovoid, crimson.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland

Encephalartos villosus Lem. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Keith, D.R., Swaziland 19127.000

First published in Ill. Hort. 15(Misc.): 69 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Osborne, R., Calonje, M.A., Hill, K.D., Stanberg, L. & Stevenson, D.W. (2012). The world list of Cycads Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 480-510.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Osborne, R., Calonje, M.A., Hill, K.D., Stanberg, L. & Stevenson, D.W. (2012). The world list of Cycads Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 106: 480-510.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

EDGE Gymnosperms
EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/