1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Geobalanus Small

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is SE. U.S.A.

    [KBu]

    Sothers, C. A., Prance, G. T., Chase, M. W. 2016. Towards a monophyletic Licania: a new generic classification of the polyphyletic Neotropical genus Licania (Chrysobalanaceae). Kew Bulletin 71:58. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9664-3.

    Type
    Type: Geobalanus oblongifolius (Michx.) Small.
    Habit
    Suffrutex with underground stems or small trees
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous or lanate
    Petiole
    Petioles glandular or eglandular
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences panicles or cymose panicles
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles minute, persistent or caducous
    Corolla
    Petals 5, not clawed (vs clawed in Chrysobalanus)
    Stamens
    Stamens 14 – 17, filaments exceeding to far-exceeding calyx lobes, in a complete circle, connate at base or to ⅓ , glabrous
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous or sparsely villous, at base of receptacle
    Fruits
    Fruit ovoid, to 3 cm long; epicarp smooth, glabrous; endocarp hard, fibrous, pubescent within
    Distribution
    Three species distributed from southeastern United States, to Mexico, El Salvador and Costa Rica.
    Note
    Geobalanus differs from Licania and Leptobalanus by the presence of petals (vs apetalous in the other two genera). It is distinguished from Hymenopus by the more numerous stamens and the filaments exceeding the calyx lobes (vs 3 – 10 stamens and included in Hymenopus). It differs from Chrysobalanus by the stamens (slightly united in Chrysobalanus vs markedly united at the base in Geobalanus), the inflorescence and the unridged fruit in Geobalanus (vs ridged in Chrysobalanus). The three species of Geobalanus occupy distinct habitats: G. oblongifolius is found in pine barrens, sand dunes and oak scrubland; G. retifolius in gallery and non-flooded forests and G. riverae is found in transition forests, between humid and dry forests, from 600 – 900 m. The position of Geobalanus in the phylogenetic tree presented here lacks support, appearing as an early diverging genus sister to Parastemon and Grangeria, both paleotropic genera. However, other phylogenetic analyses place G. oblongifolius (as L. michauxii) sister to Licania s.l., Couepia, Hirtella, and Gaulettia (Bardon et al. 2016), genera to which it holds greater affinities.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina

    Geobalanus Small appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Miami: 80 (1913)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325. [Cited as Licania.]

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    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0