1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Bolboschoenus (Asch.) Palla
      1. Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Types: Sweden, Roslagen, Linnaeus s.n. (UPS, Herb. Celsius 2: 212, lecto.); Sweden, E Roslagen, Borstill, 2 km W of Kalla near Husbacka, Nilsson 9515 (UPS, epitype; BR, H, MO, NU, NY, isoepitypes)
    Habit
    Perennial 0.4–1.2 m tall with swollen stem bases and stiff spreading rhizomes.
    Stem
    Stems triangular, glabrous, 2–5(–10) mm thick, covered in the lower half by green leaf sheaths with brown slightly hairy throats; blades long and flat, the upper overtopping the stem, 25–40 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, scabrid on keel and margins
    Bracts
    Main bracts 8–15 cm long and overtopping the inflorescence
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence compound, open, with terminal cluster of several sessile spikelets and with small heads of 1–3 sessile spikelets, the heads on unequal branches 1–3 cm long, the total number of spikelets per inflorescence being 20–40(–50).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets golden brown to reddish brown, elongate, (5–)15–40 mm long, 3–5 mm wide.
    Glume
    Glumes golden or pale to dark brown, 5–6 mm long, emarginate and with a mucro
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 6, white or brown, linear with retrorse bristles
    Stamens
    Stamens with long flattened filaments
    Fruits
    Nutlets pale brown becoming dark brown, obovoid, 2–2.6(–3) mm long, 1.4–1.8(–2.3) mm wide, smooth, bluntly acuminate, convex on one side and flattened on the other
    Figures
    Fig. 4, p22
    Ecology
    Seasonal swamps, often on black cotton or saline soil, muddy river banks, lake flood plains, ricefields; 10–1350 m
    Note
    Dr Jane Browning informed the editor just before publication that she believes B. maritimus does not occur in tropical Africa, and that our taxon should be named B. glaucus (Lam.) S.G. Smith in Novon 5: 101 (1995); basionym Scirpus glaucus Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 142 (1791). Type: Senegal, Rousillon s.n. (P-Lam., holo.). Browning, Gordon-Gray, Smith & van Staden published on this subject in Nordic. J. Bot. 1: 475–482 (1998).
    Distribution
    Range: Mauretania, Senegal, Mali, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique; widespread in temperate and tropical regions Flora districts: K1 K4 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, China North-Central, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hawaii, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Laos, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Indiana

    Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sandwith, N.Y. [6265], Spain K000204967
    Hepper, F.N. [12078], Lebanon K000315880
    Hepper, F.N. [12076], Lebanon K000315881
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21409], Thailand K000595015
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21409], Thailand K000595016
    Bidgood, S. [6312], Tanzania K000468113
    Bidgood, S. [6139], Tanzania K000468286
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 191], United Kingdom K000914492
    Roxburgh, W. [419] K001057225
    Korolkov, N.J. [s.n.] K001057226
    Regel, E.A. von [s.n.], China K001057227
    Clarke, C.B. [s.n.], Lebanon Scirpus maritimus K000315883
    Clarke, C.B. [s.n.], Jordan Scirpus maritimus K000315884
    Clarke, C.B. [s.n.] Scirpus maritimus K000315929
    Batanouny, K.H. [2502], Qatar Scirpus maritimus K000315879
    Nejdel-Stems [s.n.], Lebanon Scirpus maritimus K000315885

    First published in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 2532 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Rad, M.A., Hroudová, Z. & Marhold, K. (2010). The genus Bolboschoenus in Iran: taxonomy and distribution Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 588-602.
    • Hroudová, Z., Gregor, T. & Zákravsky, P. (2009). Die verbreitung von Bolboschoenus-Arten in Deutschland Kochia 4: 1-22.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Jermy, C., Simpson, D., Foley, M. & Porter, M. (2007). Sedges of the British Isles. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 1, ed. 3: 1-554. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Rothrock, P.E. (2009). Sedges of Indiana and adjacent states: the non-Carex species: 1-271. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
    • USDA, NRCS (2005- continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Willdenowia 36: 105, fig. 1 (2006).
    • Taxon 48: 356 (1999)
    • Strelitzia 2: 25, figs. 8, 9 (1995)
    • Koch, Syn. Deutsch. Schweiz. Fl. ed. 3, 3: 2531 (1904)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0