1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus axillaris Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to W. Malesia.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Clustering moderate high-climbing rattan to 40 m or more; stem without to 13 mm diam., with sheaths to 25 mm, internodes to 15 cm long at maturity, longer in juvenile stems. Sheaths dull green, armed with scattered green, pale-based black-tipped spines to 25 × 5 mm, with much smaller spines scattered in between; knee conspicuous; ocrea dark brown, tattering, to 6 mm high. Leaf cirrate to 2 m long including the cirrus to 75 cm; petiole either absent or rather short, sparsely armed, channelled on the upper surface; leaflets about 20 on each side of the rachis, subregularly arranged near the base, in pairs distally or in pairs throughout, the longest to c. 45 × 4 cm, sometimes much shorter and broader, very slightly bristly at the tip, concolorous. Male and female inflorescences superficially similar, 80-120 cm long, with about 6 partial inflorescences to 15 cm long; rachillae reflexed, c. 6 cm long. Mature fruit ovoid, c. 11 × 9 mm, shortly beaked, covered in up to 26 rows of dull straw-coloured overlapping scales. seed to 8 × 5 × 4 mm; endosperm homogeneous. seedling leaf unknown. (Fig. 34, Pls. 8B, 9A, 9B, 10B).
    Vernacular
    Uwai Taut (Dus.), Wi Gemaing (Dus.,Ib.), Wi Lemaing (Ib.)
    Distribution
    Only in Belait District where it is a very common and conspicuous rattan in empran (seasonally-flooded alluvial forest) along the Belait River. Elsewhere in Sarawak, West Kalimantan and Peninsular Malaysia.
    [PW]
    Use
    Although the cane appears to be of good quality it seems only to be used for coarse basketware in Brunei.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Sumatera, Thailand

    Calamus axillaris Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 27, 1990 Wong, K.M. [1620], Brunei K000112928
    Apr 26, 1989 Kiah bin Hadji, M.S. [32310], Peninsular Malaysia K000207720 isotype
    Apr 26, 1989 Kiah bin Hadji, M.S. [32310], Peninsular Malaysia K000207719 isotype
    Aug 4, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5981], Malaysia K000112930
    Dransfield, J. [JD6726], Brunei K000112943
    Wong, K.M. [519], Brunei K000112929

    First published in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 456 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0