1. Family: Araliaceae Juss.
    1. Cussonia Thunb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Araliaceae, J. R. Tennant. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 0

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, generally glabrous, rarely tomentose
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, simple and palmately lobed or digitately compound, often crowded, borne towards the ends of the stem or main branches; leaflets with entire to crenate margins or pinnatifid, rarely irregularly lobed
    Stipules
    Stipules often intrapetiolar, connate with the petiole for some distance with an often once-cleft free portion
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of spikes, racemes, umbels or panicles of umbellules; bracts subtending flowers (floral bracts) scale-like or obsolete; pedicels not articulated beneath the flower
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, 4–8 mm. in diameter
    Calyx
    Calyx-margin repando-(4–)5-dentate or subentire
    Corolla
    Petals (4–)5
    Stamens
    Stamens (4–)5; anthers ovate
    Disc
    Disk flat, depressed or conical
    Pistil
    Ovary bilocular, very rarely with 1–2 supernumerary carpels; styles 2, very rarely 3–4, connivent at base
    Fruits
    Fruit laterally compressed or subglobose, often urceolate or subobconical to wedge-shaped (in C. spicata); exocarp fleshy or submembranaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid-globose or laterally compressed; endosperm ruminate.
    [FZ]

    Araliaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Style
    Styles 2 (3–4 have been rarely reported), connivent for most of their length and often with very short divergent stigmatic surfaces at their apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit subglobose, urceolate, obovoid or even obconical to wedge-shaped (owing to congestion in densely packed spikes), sometimes fleshy.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid or somewhat compressed; endosperm ruminate.
    Habit
    Trees, shrubs (rarely suffrutices), glabrous to puberulous (more rarely densely pubescent, especially in immature states).
    Leaves
    Leaves conspicuously petiolate, simple and palmate to digitately compound, often grouped in an “umbrella ” arrangement at the ends of branches. Leaflets very variable in shape and marginal definition; apices often long-acuminate.
    Stipules
    Stipules often quite conspicuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually spicate but may be racemose. Floral bracts small or obsolete.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–8 mm. in diameter with (4)5 greenish petals.
    Calyx
    Calyx forming a shallow cup, sometimes with a 4–5-dentate margin.
    Stamens
    Stamens (4)5.
    Disc
    Disk flat, depressed or sometimes fused with the styles to form a well-developed conical Stylopodium.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular (rarely with supernumerary carpels).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Senegal

    Cussonia Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 2, 3: 210 (1780)

    Accepted by

    • Frodin, D.G. & Govaerts, R. (2003 publ. 2004). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araliaceae: 1-444. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 3, 8: 53 (1894).
    • —F.T.A. 3: 31
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Nov. Act. Soc. Sci. Ups. 3: 210, t. 12 & 13 (1780).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Nov. Act. Soc. Sc. Ups. 3: 210, t. 12, 13 (1780)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0