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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, often aromatic, often viscid with hairs simple, rarely dendroid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, toothed, lobed, pinnatifid or pinnatisect, rarely spinulose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and/or axillary, often a paniculate, spiciform thyrse of distant or congested 1- to many-flowered verticillasters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts inconspicuous or larger and sometimes coloured, caducous or persistent, rarely spinulose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles present or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3-5-lobed, 2-lipped (1 or 3/2), lobes rarely spinescent, tube cylindrical to campanulate, 9-15-nerved, often accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed (1-2/3), white to yellow, or purple to bright red or blue, posterior lip often longer, strongly falcate, to almost straight or flattened, entire or emarginate, anterior lip often with broader median lobe, tube sometime
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 fertile, with posterior pair vestigial or absent, anterior pair included to long-exserted, filaments usually short, thecae usually 1 by abortion, sometimes 2, connective elongate, often longer than filament, usually articulated at junction of fi
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes usually unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc 4-lobed, anterior lobe often larger
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets trigonous, ovoid or suborbicular, abscission scar small, mucilaginous or not.
Note
2n =12, 14, 16, 18, 14, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 42, 44, 46, 48, 60, 66, 84, 86, 240.  At least 900 species. The infra-generic classification proposed, especially by Briquet (1897), largely based on staminal structure is out-dated, though t
Ecology
Open to forest and montane habitats
Distribution
Almost cosmopolitan with main centres of diversity in Southwestern Asia and Central and South America. Introduced to New Zealand, Southwestern and Central Pacific and Northeastern U.S.A.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Salvia, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs, often aromatic
Morphology Stem
Stems quadrangular, with simple or elsewhere rarely dendroid hairs, often with sessile glands or glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple to lobed or dissected, some sometimes crowded at base of stem, often petiolate below and ± sessile above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in a thyrse, 1–numerous in congested to well-spaced verticils; bracts usually distinctly smaller than leaves; bracteoles present or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to tubular, ± distinctly 2-lipped; posterior lip 3-fid or entire; anterior lip 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white to yellow, or purple to bright red or blue, 2-lipped; posterior lip hooded; anterior lip 3-lobed, straight or deflexed, with middle lobe broader
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 2, the posterior pair vestigial or absent; anterior pair included to long-exserted, the filaments usually short, but the connective much extended, filament-like and separating the thecae; posterior theca always large and fertile; anterior theca smaller, fertile, sterile or replaced by a hatchet-shaped tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic, 2-lobed, the anterior lobe usually much longer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets trigonous, ovoid to rounded, with a small scar at or near the base, often producing mucilage when wetted.
Note
Salvia is pollinated by both insects and birds and has one of the most elaborate pollination mechanisms in the family. The flowers have only 2 stamens, normally with a single fertile theca and a much-elongated connective that often articulates with the relatively short filament. The anterior theca forms a sterile appendage that usually acts as a lever, tapping the pollen directly on to the back of the pollinator. Small cleistogamous flowers sometimes occur in S. merjamie. A number of species have been grown in gardens and, particularly in the case of S. coccinea, sometimes occur as escapes and tend to become naturalised.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences thyrse-like (in Somali species), lax to rather dense; bracts usually distinct from the leaves; cymes 1–many-flowered; bracteoles present or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx distinctly 2-lipped; upper lip 3-fid (in Somali species) or entire; lower lip 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip hooded, straight or falcate; lower lip straight or deflexed, 3-lobed with the middle lobe broader
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Posterior pair of stamens sterile, dwarfed or sometimes absent; anterior pair directed to the upper lip of the corolla, with a much elongated filament-like connective, often adhering by sterile tips of connectives; upper (outer) theca always large, fertile; lower (inner) theca smaller, fertile or sterile, often replaced by a hatchet-shaped structure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style-branches equally long or lower usually longer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets obovoid or broadly to narrowly ellipsoid, smooth.
Distribution
Genus with over 1000 species, widely distributed from temperate to tropical parts of the world.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, apparently gynodioecious, strongly aromatic, with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, hastate, rugose, crenulate, densely hairy beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, a compact, spiciform thyrse of many-flowered, sessile verticillasters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate, caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very shortly pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 3-lobed, 2-lipped (1/2), posterior lip sometimes obscurely 3-lobed, anterior lip shorter with triangular lobes, tube cylindrical, 8-11-veined, lips connivent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), white, lips spreading, anterior lip longer, with median lobe larger than laterals, tube short, exannulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, posterior pair absent, anterior pair weakly exserted, thecae 2, elongate, curved, slightly divergent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes subequal, slightly flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc fleshy, reddish orange, with anterior lobe longer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elongate, triquetrous, apiculate, smooth, pale brown, abscission scar small, elongate, not mucilaginous.
Note
One species, D. hastata Boiss. & Heldr. Ex Benth.
Ecology
Montane, among rocks
Distribution
Southwestern Turkey.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, sometimes gynodioecious, strongly aromatic, with simple and dendroid hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to lanceolate, revolute, entire, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences as short, 5-15-flowered racemes in axils of upper leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts inconspicuous; bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2-lipped, 3 or 5-lobed (1-3/2), campanulate to infundibuliform, widening above, posterior lip curved upwards, triangular, tube 11-12-nerved, accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), violet to white, posterior lip with lobes spreading, anterior lip with lateral lobes, shorter, median lobe rounded, concave, toothed, tube short, exannulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, posterior pair absent or rudimentary, anterior pair long-exserted, ascending, much shorter in male-sterile flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers elongate, with single fertile theca separated by an elongate, downward curving connective from the sterile theca represented by small, tooth-like appendage, connective not articulating with filament and appearing continuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style curved, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes short, unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc 4-lobed, anterior lobe largest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid, smooth, abscission scar large with central pore, not mucilaginous, pseudostrophiolate.
Note
2n = 24.  Three species, with natural hybrids.
Distribution
In the Mediterranean region and Caucasus. Introduced to Eastern Europe and South-Central U.S.A

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, strongly aromatic, white-canescent with glandular and eglandular simple and dendroid hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves small, simple, margin undulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly pedicellate, borne singly in axils of leaf-like bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 2, inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lips subequal, posterior with lobes shorter, subequal, tube ± cylindrical at first, strongly accrescent, broadly campanulate in fruit, membranous, lobes spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla large, indistinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), blue-violet, throat and tube white; lips spreading, anterior lip with lobes rounded, tube cylindrical, included in calyx-tube, annulate within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with anterior pair fertile, exserted, posterior pair staminodal, shortly exserted, thecae 2, elongate, curved, slightly unequal, connective inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc not seen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets obovoid, weakly subtrigonous, smooth, mucilaginous when wet.
Note
2n =40, 42.  One species, Z. majdae Rech. f. & Wendelbo.
Ecology
Open mountain slopes
Distribution
Southern Iran (Saharo-Sindian region).

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, strongly aromatic, often viscid with dendroid and simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire to laciniate or bipinnatisect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, often axillary, forming a paniculate thyrse of distant, 2- to 6-flowered verticillasters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± sessile, sometimes dimorphic due to heterostyly
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx indistinctly 5-lobed, 2-lipped (3/2), lips subequal, anterior with lobes short, deltoid, tube cylindrical, 10-nerved, often densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1) violet-blue to white, posterior lip spreading to reflexed, anterior lip shorter, entire, acute, tube cylindrical, annulate within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 with 2 staminodes, anterior stamens fertile, ± included in long-styled, or long-exserted in short-styled plants, declinate, thecae 2, elongate, parallel, connective small, staminodes borne on posterior lip of corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style included or exserted, declinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc weakly 4-lobed, anterior lobe longest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elongate, rounded at apex, smooth, abscission scar small, elongate, not mucilaginous.
Note
2n = 20.  About seven species
Distribution
Southwestern Asia: Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Northern India to Tibet

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, gynodioecious (possibly dioecious in m. strobilifera benth.), strongly aromatic, with simple and dendroid hairs (dendroid hairs glandular in m. strobilifera)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, hastate to rounded, rugose, margins serrulate to subentire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and axillary, a compact and 4-angled or interrupted spiciform thyrse of many-flowered, sessile verticillasters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate-acuminate, caducous or persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2-lipped, ± 3-lobed (1/2), posterior lip broader, subentire or obscurely 3-lobed, lobes connivent, anterior lip shorter, tube cylindrical, 9-11-veined, calyx erect or spreading in fruit, with lips open
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed (1-2/3), white or pale lilac, anterior lip usually longer than posterior, tube straight, annulate or exannulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 fertile, posterior pair absent or staminodal (in m. bengalensis (koenig ex roxb.) benth.), anterior pair exserted, except in female flowers, thecae 2, elongate, curved, divergent and often slightly unequal, connective inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes unequal or subequal, flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elongate, oblong-apiculate or obovoid-elliptic smooth, mucilaginous or not.
Distribution
Two species, M. strobilifera in Northern India, M. bengalensis in Arabia, Yemen, Ethiopia and cultivated in Indian subcontinent.

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[LKGF]
Use
Especially the Mediterranean S. officinalis L. widely used as potherb, also many ornamentals, such as S. microphylla Kunth and S. splendens Sellow & Nees from the New World.

[LKGF]
Use
Rosmarinus officinalis L. has been widely cultivated since antiquity as an ornamental.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Maryland, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Niger, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alberta, Azores, Bermuda, British Columbia, Central American Pac, Cook Is., Delaware, Denmark, Fiji, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Indiana, Jawa, Khabarovsk, Lesser Sunda Is., Maine, Manitoba, Marquesas, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Territory, Norway, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Society Is., Sulawesi, Sweden, Tonga, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming

Salvia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Turrill, W.B. [K535], Greece 2780.000
Rico, L. [1172], Bolivia K000295014
Buijsman, M. [11], Indonesia K000856919
Buijsman, M. [78], Indonesia K000856920
Smith, J.J. [452], Indonesia K000856918
McDonald [4877], Indonesia K000856921
Christenhuis, M.J.M. [6771], USA K000696720

First published in Sp. Pl.: 23 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Drew, B.T. & al. (2017). Salvia united: The greatest good for the greatest number Taxon 66: 133-145.
  • Garcia Peña, M.R. (2007). Personal communication on Lamiaceae 1 MEXU, Mexico.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 456.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Thulin in Opera Bot. 121: 145–148 (1993).
  • Hedge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 1–121 (1974)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 235 (2004)
  • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 1–121 (1974)
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 15 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 23 (1753)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Hedge in Davis (ed.) Flora of Turkey 7: 400-461 (1982), rev. reg.
  • Hedge, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 1-121 (1974), rev. reg.
  • Arischrada Pobed., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 247 (1972).
  • Epling, Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 25, 1: 95-188 (1938), rev. reg.
  • Epling, Rep. Spec. Nov. Beih. 110: 1-383 (1938-9), rev. reg.
  • Pycnosphace Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts.: 747 (1917)., (1918).
  • Audibertiella Briq., Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 73 (1894).
  • Ramona Greene, Pittonia 2: 235 (1892).
  • Sphacopsis Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar. 1: 184 (1891).
  • Polakia Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 43 (1885).
  • Aethiopis Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 134 (1869).
  • Gallitrichum Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 134 (1869).
  • Aethyopys (Benth.) Opiz, Seznam: 11 (1852).
  • Drymosphace Opiz, Seznam: 38 (1852).
  • Hemisphace Opiz, Seznam: 50 (1852).
  • Plethiosphace Opiz, Seznam: 75 (1852).
  • Salviastrum Scheele, Linnaea 22: 584 (1849).
  • Rhodochlamys Schauer, Linnaea 20: 706 (1847).
  • Leonura Usteri ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 25 (1841).
  • Fenixanthes Raf., Autik. Bot.: 122 (1840).
  • Aitopsis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 91 (1837).
  • Belospis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 90 (1837).
  • Calosphace Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 91 (1837).
  • Codanthera Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 90 (1837).
  • Crolocos Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Elelis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Enipea Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Epiadena Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Euriples Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Flipanta Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Glutinaria Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Hematodes Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Hemistegia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 89 (1837).
  • Kiosmina Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Larnastyra Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Lesemia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 91 (1837).
  • Megyathus Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Melligo Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 92 (1837).
  • Oboskon Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Ormiastis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Ormilis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Piaradena Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 91 (1837).
  • Pleudia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Rhodormis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
  • Sobiso Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Terepis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 94 (1837).
  • Benth., Lab. Gen. et Sp.: 190 (1833)
  • Leonia Cerv. in P.de La Llave & J.M.de Lexarza, Nov. Veg. Descr. 2: 6 (1825).
  • Stenarrhena D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 111 (1825).
  • Jungia Heist. ex Moench, Methodus: 378 (1794), nom. illeg.
  • Covola Medik., Staatsw. Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Oek. Ges. 1: 227 (1791).
  • Melinum Medik., Staatsw. Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Oek. Ges. 1: 200 (1791).
  • Schraderia Medik., Philos. Bot. 2: 40 (1791).
  • Stiefia Medik., Staatsw. Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Oek. Ges. 1: 200 (1791).
  • Jungia Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 47 (1759).
  • Horminum Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754), nom. illeg.
  • Sclarea Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
  • Salvia L., Sp. Pl. 1: 23 (1753)
  • Audibertia Benth., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 17: t. 1469 (1831), (1832), nom. illeg. non Audibertia Benth. (1829).

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0