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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World, America.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Note
For references, see under Cassia.
Morphology General Habit
Unarmed trees, shrubs or herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate, often with globose to clavate or cylindrical glands on petiole and/or rhachis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in few- to many-flowered racemes, without bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 10; filaments straight, shorter than or not over twice as long as the basifixed anthers which are dehiscent by apical pores or short slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods terete or compressed, indehiscent or ± tardily dehiscent, valves not twisting
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± compressed, often with a closed areole on each face.
Distribution
About 280 species, pantropical, most numerous in the New World, some extending into temperate regions.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock & R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or woody herbs, unarmed (in the Flora area).
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite; stipules various but often persistent and prominent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose or paniculate; bracts often prominent but usually falling at or before anthesis; bracteoles absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 5, equal or subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, all with almost straight filaments which are not more than twice the length of their anther; anthers basifixed, dehiscing by terminal pores only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary stipitate, curved; ovules numerous; stigma terminal or subterminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods cylindrical, flattened or winged, often transversely septate inside, tardily dehiscent (not elastically) or indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, areolate.

[LOWO]

Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

Note

Tribe Cercideae is basally branching in the Leguminosae (Bruneau et al., 2001; Herendeen et al., 2003a), as predicted by Wunderlin et al. (1981), and Cercis is the most basally branching genus in the tribe. While much taxonomic work has been carried out on the tribe in the past thirty years (e.g., Larsen et al., 1980, 1984; Wunderlin, 1976, 1979; Wunderlin et al., 1981, 1987; Zhang, 1995; Vaz, 2003; Vaz & Tozzi, 2003), few species have been included in phylogenetic analyses and inter- and intra-generic relationships are still largely unresolved with the exception of Cercis (Hao et al., 2001; Davis et al., 2002b).

Wunderlin (1979) and Wunderlin et al. (1981) divided the tribe into two subtribes, Cercidinae and Bauhiniinae, based on seed, floral and fruit characters. Walpers (1842) had already down-ranked Bauhinieae Benth. (1840) to subtribal status, thus the combination Bauhiniinae (Benth.) Wunderlin (1979) is superfluous. Polhill (1994) kept the Cercideae unchanged with two subtribes and five genera. While the Cercidinae contains three small distinct genera, Cercis, Griffonia and Adenolobus, the Bauhiniinae houses the monospecific Madagascan genus Brenierea and the large, diverse pantropical genus Bauhinia sens. lat. which has been segregated into as many as twenty-six genera by various authors (Wunderlin, 1976).

While many of the Bauhinia segregates are based on minor morphological differences, others are distinguished morphologically by a suite of characters. Britton and Rose (1930), in their account of the Caesalpiniaceae for the North American Flora, divided Bauhinia into several segregate genera, including Schnella Raddi which here is treated as a synonym of Phanera, but might prove to be distinct as indicated in recent molecular analyses by Forest (unpublished data). Britton and Killip (1936) recognised Schnella as distinct from Bauhinia in Colombia. De Wit (1956), treating ‘Malaysian Bauhinieae’, recognised Bracteolanthus, Lysiphyllum, Gigasiphon, Piliostigma, Lasiobema and Phanera as separate genera and this was largely followed by subsequent flora writers in Africa and New Guinea (e.g., Brenan, 1967; Coetzer & Ross in Ross, 1977; Verdcourt, 1979). Others have retained a more inclusive Bauhinia proposed by Wunderlin et al. (1981, 1987), e.g., Macbride (1943: 207–220) for Peru; Larsen et al. (1980) for the Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam; Larsen et al. (1984) for the Flora of Thailand; Chen (1988) for China, and Larsen & Larsen in Hou et al. (1996) in Flora Malesiana. Zhang (1995) published a morphological cladistic analysis of the series of Bauhinia sens. lat., but few species of Bauhinia have been included in molecular studies. It remains equivocal as to whether Bauhinia sens. lat. is monophyletic, but preliminary molecular results indicate that some elements should be reinstated as distinct genera (Bruneau et al., in prep.; Forest, unpubl.). This runs contrary to the findings of Larsen & Larsen in Hou et al. (1996) who concluded “that Bauhinia in the sense of Linnaeus, Bentham, De Candolle, Taubert and Hutchinson is an evolutionary unit and a very natural genus”. Larsen and Larsen also noted that Bauhinia sens. lat. presents a reticulate pattern of variation across its pantropical range (this apparently conflicting somewhat with its status as a “natural genus”). While this is undoubtedly true if the genus is considered as all-inclusive, recent studies of legume distributions in general (Schrire et al., this volume and 2005) have revealed repeated patterns of generic distribution which appear to be duplicated by at least some of the segregates of Bauhinia. If these segregates are recognised as distinct genera (as several are in this treatment) then the reticulate pattern of variation of Bauhinia is far less pronounced. More sampling at the species level in molecular analyses and more morphological studies are needed across the full pantropical range of Bauhinia sens. lat. before inter- and intra-generic relationships are clearly resolved. In the current account genera that have been recognised as distinct from Bauhinia in at least one flora treatment that post-dates De Wit (1956) have been treated as separate genera, especially where these are supported by the preliminary results from a chloroplast trnL (intron and spacer) sequence analysis (Forest, unpubl.). The reader’s attention is also alerted to the detailed infra-generic division of Bauhinia by Wunderlin et al. (1987) in their reorganisation of the Cercideae which also forms a sound basis for sampling in future studies.

Palynological studies of Bauhinia (Larsen, 1975; Schmitz, 1977; Ferguson & Pearce, 1986) have all stressed the considerable variation in pollen morphology within the genus sens. lat. and there are clear correlations between pollen exine ornamentation, floral morphology and pollination. It remains to be seen just how closely these correspond to evolutionary relationships of species. Nevertheless, Schmitz (1977) made several new combinations in segregate genera of Bauhinia based on palynological type. These included new names in Lasiobema, Lysiphyllum, Pauletia, Perlebia and Phanera (Pauletia and Perlebia here considered as synonyms of Bauhinia). Zhang (1995), who analysed morphologically the series of Bauhinia proposed by Wunderlin et al. (1987), concluded that while some supraspecific segregates of the genus were supported, none of the subgenera appeared to be monophyletic. Several realignments were proposed.

The Cercideae as presented here includes 12 genera and (322)–335–(348) species. This treatment differs from Wunderlin et al. (1981, 1987) and Polhill (1994) in that Barklya, Gigasiphon, Lasiobema, Lysiphyllum, Phanera, Piliostigma and Tylosema are considered distinct from Bauhinia. While some of these may well be reincluded in Bauhinia after further study, yet other genera may be reinstated from within Bauhinia. Bracteolanthus, treated as distinct by De Wit (1956), is here included in Lysiphyllum following Wunderlin et al. (1987), while Barklya, considered congeneric with Bauhinia by Wunderlin (1979) and Wunderlin et al. (1981, 1987) is considered distinct following George (1998b) and Forest (unpublished data). The reinstatement of Lasiobema appears least well supported (Forest, unpubl.).

One of three genera in subtribe Cassiinae; see under Cassia for comments on phylogenetic placement. In arid areas in Australia taxonomic distinctions are blurred by polyploidy, hybridisation and apomixis (Randell & Barlow, 1998b)
Habit
Trees, shrubs or herbs (some monocarpic)
Ecology
Arid scrubland, rocky hillsides and deep desert sands, deciduous woodland, thorn woodland (including caatinga), wooded grassland (savanna and cerrado), few in Amazonian forest; some endemics on limestone (especially in Madagascar), coastal tropical and su
Distribution
206 spp. native to the New World (c. 45 spp. restricted to C and N America, 10 spp. in the Greater Antilles [including 6 endemic in Cuba], c. 30 restricted to NW South America [Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru], 3 restricted to the Guianas and Venezuela, c. 28 in southern S America [Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, including 8 spp. endemic in Chile], 5 spp. endemic in Bolivia, c. 20 spp. restricted to SE Brazil and 13 to NE Brazil, c. 25 spp. widespread across S America, and c. 25-30 on either side of the Panama isthmus [either disjunctly or widespread] ), c. 18-20 spp. native to Africa (many in Somalia-Masai E and NE Africa [including 2 extending to Socotra; 1 sp. endemic on Socotra and 3 extending to the Middle East and Asia], others more widespread in dryland phytochoria), 9 spp. endemic in Madagascar, 3 spp. indigenous in Malesia, 3 spp. restricted to India, 1 sp. in Myanmar [Burma] and Thailand (and possibly also native in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam); 33 spp. endemic in Australia plus 16 endemic so-called 'form taxa'; c. 3-5 spp. widely cultivated and of unknown certain origin

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[LOWO]
Use
Senna alexandrina Mill. (= Cassia senna L.), or true senna is well-known as a laxative; many species are multi-purpose shrubs with numerous medicinal uses, especially as purgatives; S. alata (L.) Roxb. is universally used against parasitic skin diseases; timber of some species is used in construction and for charcoal; occasionally seeds are roasted and ground as a coffee substitute, less often used as fish poisons and for tanning leather; many are ornamentals and shade trees widely introduced throughout the tropics; for a detailed account of uses in W Africa see Burkill (1995)

Native to:

Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Aldabra, Arkansas, Ascension, Belgium, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Canary Is., Caprivi Strip, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Cyprus, Gabon, Georgia, Hainan, Hawaii, Inner Mongolia, Kazan-retto, Kermadec Is., Korea, Laccadive Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mississippi, Missouri, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Primorye, Qinghai, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, Spain, St.Helena, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Senna Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Vargas, C. [9818], Peru K000556674
Jan 1, 1989 Maas, P.J.M. [6646], Amazonas K000841202
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [3311 A], Cameroon K000092598
Harley, R.M. [54689], Bahia K000841227
Harley, R.M. [54463], Bahia K000841272
Jeffrey, C. [2372] K001134450
Pennington, R.T. [40], Bolivia 35772.020
Ball, J. [s.n.], Chile K001259297
Wood, J.R.I. [20533], Bolivia K001134997
Wood, J.R.I. [20533], Bolivia K001134996
Wood, J.R.I. [11023], Bolivia K001135000
Wood, J.R.I. [21152], Bolivia K001105193
Wood, J.R.I. [10730], Bolivia K001105194
Wood, J.R.I. [10504], Bolivia K001105195
Wood, J.R.I. [16671], Bolivia K001105198
Plowman, T. [14217], Peru K000556679
Plowman, T. [6485], Peru K001134452
Plowman, T. [6406], Peru K001134453
Hatschbach, G. [74570], Mato Grosso do Sul K000841221
Rico, L. [1465], Bolivia K000295383
Rico, L. [1180], Bolivia K000295021
Rico, L. [1466], Bolivia K000295353
Rico, L. [2016], Mexico K000266002
Rico, L. [2052], Mexico K000266026
Lawrence, A. [70], Bolivia K001134956
Ruiz, J. [1697], Peru K000556683
Lehmann [s.n.], Colombia K001134455
Barrier, S. [1254], Peru K001105401
Ratter, J.A. [6865], Pará K000841239
Ratter, J.A. [7322], Goiás K000841241
Lima, H.C. [2914], Espírito Santo K000841215
Lima, H.C. [2973], Espírito Santo K000841225
Davis, E.W. [550], Colombia K000556666
Giulietti, A.M. [13665], Minas Gerais K000841257
Giulietti, A.M. [13665], Minas Gerais K000841258
Saldias, M. [5315], Bolivia K001105535
Saldias, M. [3471], Bolivia K001105550
Queiroz, L.P. [3832], Bahia K000841208
Queiroz, L.P. [10672], Bahia K000841259
Klitgaard, B.B. [402] K001134356
Klitgaard, B.B. [545], Ecuador K001134363
Klitgaard, B.B. [545], Ecuador K001134364
Bautista, H.P. [584], Minas Gerais K000841236
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1607], Goiás K000841248
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1607], Goiás K000841249
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1300], Goiás K000841273
Campelo, M.J. [64], Pernambuco K000841217
Campelo, M.J. [32], Pernambuco K000841218
Rodal, M.J.N. [449], Pernambuco K000841265
Barros, M. [2260], Brazil K000841243
Andrade, I.M. [166], Pernambuco K000841267
Heringer, E.P. [17698], Goiás K000841224
Heringer, E.P. [6527], Brazil K000841228
Heringer, E.P. [3710], Brazil K000841230
Heringer, E.P. [4162], Brazil K000841231
Heringer, E.P. [7166], Brazil K000841234
Heringer, E.P. [4170], Brazil K000841235
Pinto, G.C.P. [83/82], Minas Gerais K000841229
Villarouco, F.M.O. [150], Pernambuco K000841269
Semir, J. [2097], Minas Gerais K000841232
Semir, J. [5046], Minas Gerais K000841233
Saar, E. [5256], Bahia K000841219
Bezerra, M. [10], Bahia K000841247
Laurênio, A. [227], Pernambuco K000841268
Castellanos, A. [22714], Rio de Janeiro K000841223
Nelson, B.W. [934], Amazonas K000841216
Claussen, P. [168], Rio de Janeiro K000841260
Claussen, P. [163], Rio de Janeiro K000841261
Stork, H.E. [11382], Peru K001134454
Bernardi, L. [16425], Peru K000556677
Lowe, J. [4033], Amazonas K000841237
Cornejo, X. [5857], Ecuador K001134357
Cornejo, X. [5826], Ecuador K001134358
Cornejo, X. [2734], Ecuador K001134361
Cornejo, X. [5594], Ecuador K001134362
Mendoza, M. [1026], Bolivia K001134999
Vasquez, R. [18638], Peru K001134824
Vasquez, R. [20082], Peru K001134952
Vasquez, R. [21017], Peru K001105395
Rojas, R. [3892], Peru K001134573
Rojas, R. [2898], Peru K001134844
Rojas, R. [3036], Peru K001134938
Rojas, R. [2341], Peru K001134939
Rojas, R. [2728], Peru K001134950
Rojas, R. [3968], Peru K001105196
Rojas, R. [0922], Peru K001105399
Rojas, R. [0922], Peru K001105400
Woytkowski, Felix [54], Peru K000556680
Souza, V. [441], Espírito Santo K000841262
Huaylla, H. [696], Bolivia K001134998
Huaylla, H. [1022], Bolivia K001105537
Birschel [s.n.], Venezuela K000556669
Tschá, M.C. [91], Pernambuco K000841264
Tschá, M.C. [585], Pernambuco K000841270
Chatrou, L.W. [459], Bolivia K001105547
Nascimento, M.S.B. [604], Maranhão K000841266
Melo, M.R.C.S. [43], Pernambuco K000841263
Vásquez, R. [23904], Peru K001134575
Vásquez, R. [31685], Peru K001134598
Vásquez, R. [32400], Peru K001134600
Vásquez, R. [21030], Peru K001134822
Vásquez, R. [22374], Peru K001134823
Vásquez, R. [23916], Peru K001134826
Vásquez, R. [23996], Peru K001134838
Vásquez, R. [26037], Peru K001134840
Vásquez, R. [30922], Peru K001134932
Vásquez, R. [29665], Peru K001134940
Vásquez, R. [29667], Peru K001134949
Vásquez, R. [24308], Peru K001105396
Vásquez, R. [24308], Peru K001105397
Vásquez, R. [26098], Peru K001105398
Azevedo, M.L.M. [1346], Bahia K000841246
Mendonça, R.C. [4170], Goiás K000841222
Pennington, T.D. [17961 (4770)], Peru K000556675
Pennington, T.D. [17961 (4770)], Peru K000556676
Pennington, T.D. [17565], Peru K000556688
Pennington, T.D. [17161], Peru K001134365
Pennington, T.D. [17161], Peru K001105595
Pennington, T.D. [17535], Peru K001105596
Mansano, V.F. [344], Rio de Janeiro K000841253
Forzza, R.C. [4063], Minas Gerais K000841220
Forzza, R.C. [4582], Goiás K000841254
Forzza, R.C. [4082], Bahia K000841255
Thomas, W.W. [11524], Bahia K000841214
Thomas, W.W. [11641], Bahia K000841250
Peterson, P.M. [12651], Bolivia K001105594
Seidel, R. [1991], Bolivia K001105191
Killeen, T. [6878], Bolivia K001105408
Killeen, T. [4119], Bolivia K001105410
Arroyo, L. [3265], Bolivia K001134995
Arroyo, L. [3259], Bolivia K001105407
Fuentes, A. [1896], Bolivia K001105534
Silva, B.R. [1427], Minas Gerais K000841256
Delprete, P.G. [10092], Goiás K000841209
Delprete, P.G. [10196], Goiás K000841211
Foster, P.F. [762], Bolivia K001105409
van der werff, H. [20761], Peru K001134821
van der werff, H. [20721], Peru K001134834
van der werff, H. [17514], Peru K001134951
Ortiz V., E. [554], Peru K001134827
Ortiz V., E. [1330], Peru K001134930
Huamantupa, I. [10156], Peru K001134578
Huamantupa, I. [10473], Peru K001134579
Huamantupa, I. [8558], Peru K001134594
Huamantupa, I. [10402], Peru K001134602
Huamantupa, I. [3051], Peru K001134829
Huamantupa, I. [4748], Peru K001134836
Huamantupa, I. [3260], Peru K001134846
Suclli, E. [1935], Peru K001134577
Suclli, E. [2696] K001134833
Monteagudo, A. [14043], Peru K001134599
Monteagudo, A. [3516], Peru K001134848
Monteagudo, A. [3531], Peru K001105402
Monteagudo, A. [3531], Peru K001105403
Monteagudo, A. [4974], Peru K001105404
Monteagudo, A. [4932], Peru K001105405
Monteagudo, A. [4932], Peru K001105406
Valenzuela, L. [4143], Peru K000556689
Valenzuela, L. [5052], Peru K001134572
Valenzuela, L. [11773], Peru K001134589
Valenzuela, L. [10820], Peru K001134591
Valenzuela, L. [8404], Peru K001134592
Valenzuela, L. [10580], Peru K001134601
Valenzuela, L. [8025], Peru K001134608
Valenzuela, L. [3012], Peru K001134825
Valenzuela, L. [7339], Peru K001134828
Valenzuela, L. [4244], Peru K001134830
Valenzuela, L. [5831], Peru K001134831
Valenzuela, L. [5294], Peru K001134835
Valenzuela, L. [4766], Peru K001134837
Valenzuela, L. [3964], Peru K001134842
Valenzuela, L. [6709], Peru K001134843
Valenzuela, L. [6121], Peru K001134847
Valenzuela, L. [3586], Peru K001134927
Valenzuela, L. [5169], Peru K001134928
Valenzuela, L. [2119], Peru K001134934
Valenzuela, L. [1888], Peru K001134943
Valenzuela, L. [2485], Peru K001134944
Valenzuela, L. [6482], Peru K001134945
Valenzuela, L. [6062], Peru K001134946
Farfán, J. [1247], Peru K001134935
Farfán, J. [289], Peru K001134936
Galiano, W. [6733], Peru K001134820
Galiano, W. [5715], Peru K001134849
Galiano, W. [4676], Peru K001134931
Galiano, W. [5721], Peru K001134933
Galiano, W. [6312], Peru K001105394
Huamán, M. [171], Peru K001134596
Soto, D. [1217], Bolivia K001105192
Graham, J.G. [4104], Peru K001134817
Graham, J.G. [4876], Peru K001134818
Graham, J.G. [4876], Peru K001134819
Jameson [738], Peru K000556678
Triana, J. [s.n.], Colombia K001134457
s. coll. [572 (middle digit may be wrong)], Ecuador K001134360
Glaziou, A. [12616], Rio de Janeiro K000841238
Saavedra, M.M. [474], Goiás K000841212
Guillén, R. [1730], Bolivia K001105545
Rojas [2891], Peru K001134937
Calatayud, G. [4083], Peru K001134583
Calatayud, G. [4189], Peru K001134604
Calatayud, G. [2947], Peru K001134832
Calatayud, G. [1384], Peru K001134839
Perea, J. [0168], Peru K001134845
Perea, J. [1576], Peru K001134947
Perea, J. [2024], Peru K001134948
Ortiz [579], Peru K001134571
Ortiz [1164], Peru K001134574
Ferreira, V. [5], Brazil K000841242
Oliveira, C.A.M. [15], Pernambuco K000841251
Killeen [5439], Bolivia K001134993
Meirelles, J.E. [387], Amazonas K000841210
Meirelles, J.E. [554], Rio de Janeiro K000841252
Kersten, R.A. [1100], Tocantins K000841213
Lopes, M.M.M. [862], Bahia K000841226
Vilela, U.U.A. [16], Brazil K000841240
Mendes, J.R.S. [2], Brazil K000841244
Pereira, R.J.L. [12], Brazil K000841245
Botelho, M.B. [5], Brazil K000841271
Tunqui, Santiago [1106], Peru K001134953
JDG [722; 460; 186 respectively, 722 associated with Ju], Peru K000556686
s.coll. [56], Ecuador K001134359
Lozano, R. [1272], Bolivia K001105411
Lozano, R. [1459], Bolivia K001105538
Stahl, B. [7102], Ecuador K000556672
Stahl, B. [7297], Ecuador K000556673
Foster, Robin B. [10634], Peru K000556685
Barbosa, Cesar [8406], Colombia K000556664
Edwards. K. S. [465], Venezuela K000556667
Edwards. K. S. [465], Venezuela K000556668
Torres, Luis [s.n.], Venezuela K000556671
Smith, David [5709], Peru K000556684
Revilla, Juan [2653], Peru K000556687
Savatier, Lud. [1/46], Peru K001134451
Díaz, Camilo [8296], Peru K001134576
Díaz, Camilo [6919], Peru K001134929
Rojas, Rocio [5719], Peru K001134580
Rojas, Rocio [5720], Peru K001134593
Rojas, Rocio [5776], Peru K001134595
Rojas, Rocio [5832], Peru K001134603
Rojas, Rocio [5812], Peru K001134605
Vásquez M. Rodolfo [34931], Peru K001134582
Monteagudo, Abel [16209], Peru K001134585
Catatayud, G. [4506], Peru K001134587
Vásquez M., Rodolfo [33935], Peru K001134606
Vásquez M., Rodolfo [34383], Peru K001134607
Suclli, Efrain [1562], Peru K001134597
Monteagudo M., A. [11798], Peru K001134841
Vasquez, R. et al [28281], Peru K001134941
Valenzuela, L. Suclli, E. [1552], Peru K001134942
Lawrence, S.A. [s.n.], Bolivia K001134954
Lawrence, A [176], Bolivia K001134955
Soto, A. [492], Bolivia K001134957
Parada, G.A. [55], Bolivia K001105197
Parada, G.A. [114], Bolivia K001105544
Foronda, Ivan Linneo [979], Bolivia K001105536
Paz R., C. [156], Bolivia K001105546
Meneces, Elias [391], Bolivia K001105591
Meneces, Elias [391], Bolivia K001105592
Meneces, Elias [387], Bolivia K001105593
Gay, M. Cl. [s.n.], Chile K001259296

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Accepted by

  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 1–918 (1982).
  • Irwin & Barneby in Polhill & Raven, Adv. Legume Syst. 1: 97–106 (1981)
  • Gard. Dict., abr.ed. 4, 3 (1754).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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