Skip to main content
  • Bignoniaceae Juss.

This family is accepted.

[FZ]

Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs, sometimes straggling (sometimes climbers, very rarely herbaceous), mostly unarmed, not lactiferous
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules absent, rarely with pseudostipules (external scales of axillary shoots) well developed, sometimes foliacepus
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite, rarely verticillate or alternate, imparipinnate or bipinnate (not in Flora Zambesiaca area), 1-jugate or simple, sometimes the terminal leaflet replaced by a tendril (not in Flora Zambesiaca area)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, usually showy and in several-flowered terminal or axillary panicles or racemes, sometimes reduced to a fascicle or solitary flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx gamosepalous of various shapes, usually 5-dentate or -lobed or almost truncate or spathaceously split
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous bilabiate or not, with a conspicuous campanulate, infundibuliform or tubular tube and 5-lobed, limb usually imbricate in aestivation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens epipetalous, usually 4, didynamous with l posticous staminode, not so often 5 equal stamens, very rarely 2 (not in Flora Zambesiaca area) adnate to the corolla tube, included or exserted; filaments slender, often dilated at the base; anthers 2-thecous, rarely l-thecous (not in Flora Zambesiaca area), usually widely divergent or divaricate, dehiscing longitudinally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Disk hypogynous, nectariferous, annual or tubular, sometimes absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary superior, syncarpus 2-carpellary, typically bilocular with axile placentation or unilocular and with parietal placencation (Kigelia); ovules numerous in each locule, anatropous; style 1, terminal with bilamellate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually capsular, dehiscing by 2 loculicidal or septicidal valves, perpendicular or parallel to the septum, or fleshy and indehiscent (Kigelia)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, compressed and winged in the species with capsular fruits, wingless seeds in the species with fleshy fruits, without endosperm; embryo usually flat; cotyledons flattened, rarely folded, foliaceous

[FWTA]

Bignoniaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes scandent, very rarely herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, rarely alternate, mostly compound, digitate or pinnate, sometimes the terminal leaflet tendril-like (but not in the native genera of W.Africa); stipules absent, pseudostipules present in some genera
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often showy, hermaphrodite, more or less zygomorphic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, closed or open in bud, truncate or 5-toothed, sometimes spathaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla with 5 imbricate lobes sometimes forming 2 lips, the upper of 2, the lower of 3 lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Anthers connivent in pairs or rarely free, 2-celled, opening lengthwise; staminode representing the fifth stamen often short, sometimes absent, often 3 present when only two stamens Stamens alternate with the corolla-lobes, only 4 or 2 perfect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Disk usually present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary superior, 2-celled with 2 placentas in each cell or 1-celled with parietal bifid placentas Style terminal, 2-lipped; ovules numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular or fleshy and indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds often winged, without endosperm; embryo straight

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or woody climbers, rarely (not native in Flora area) perennial or shrubby herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, pinnate, bipinnate, digitately 2–3-foliolate or (not native in Flora area) simple, terminal leaflet sometimes replaced by a tendril.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules absent but pseudostipules often developed and sometimes foliaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large and showy, bisexual, in several to many-flowered terminal or axillary racemes or panicles, or in fascicles, or solitary on dwarf shoots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx gamosepalous, 5-toothed or -lobed to almost truncate or splitting spathaceously.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous, from almost symmetric to strongly bilaterally symmetrical; tube campanulate to infundibuliform or cylindrical; limb 5-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous or (more rarely) subequal, adnate to the corolla tube, included or exserted, staminode often present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2-thecous (rarely 1-thecous), usually divergent, dehiscing longitudinally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk usually conspicuous, annular or tubular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, 2-carpellate, 2-locular with axile placentation or ( Kigelia) unilocular with parietal placentation.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules numerous in each locule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style one, terminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma bilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by 2 loculicidal or septicidal valves, perpendicular or parallel to the septum, or ( Kigelia) fleshy and indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, compressed and winged in species with capsular fruits, wingless in species with indehiscent fruits.

Bignoniaceae Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 137. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (1789)

Accepted by

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"
  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0