1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Bromus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades rarely auriculate; sheaths usually hairy
    Inflorescences
    Panicle usually fairly large and open
    Spikelets
    Spikelets usually large, the lemmas well exserted from the glumes and awned from the sinus of the 2-toothed tip or from just below it, rarely with just an awn-point or mucro
    Style
    Styles arising laterally from below the hairy apex of the ovary.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 5-15 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.5-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface glabrous, or pilose. Lemma apex erose; obtuse; awned; 5-9 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; curved. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Apical sterile florets 3-6 in number; barren; in a clump; oblong. Apical sterile lemmas awned.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Bermuda, Chatham Is., Crozet Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Falkland Is., Føroyar, Greenland, Haiti, Hawaii, Iceland, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Namibia, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Queensland, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha

    Bromus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2863], Brazil K001101241
    Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913719
    Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913720
    Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913721
    Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913722
    Litwinow, D.I. [2183], Turkmenistan K000913744
    Vázquez, F.M. [33056] K000913718 isotype

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 77 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 33 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 76 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 33 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 76 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 33 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 76 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0