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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial; sheaths with the margins connate for most of their length, usually hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle open or contracted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets cuneate to ovate, breaking up below each floret, with a single awn (in Somalia).
Distribution
Over 160 species in temperate regions of both hemispheres, but mainly in the north, and on tropical mountains.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades rarely auriculate; sheaths usually hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle usually fairly large and open
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets usually large, the lemmas well exserted from the glumes and awned from the sinus of the 2-toothed tip or from just below it, rarely with just an awn-point or mucro
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles arising laterally from below the hairy apex of the ovary.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect, or decumbent; 5-15 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75 length of upper glume; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.5-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface glabrous, or pilose. Lemma apex erose; obtuse; awned; 5-9 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; curved. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Apical sterile florets 3-6 in number; barren; in a clump; oblong. Apical sterile lemmas awned.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Africa, or Temperate Asia, or Tropical Asia.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Bermuda, Chatham Is., Crozet Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Falkland Is., Føroyar, Greenland, Haiti, Hawaii, Iceland, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Namibia, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Queensland, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha

Bromus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913721
Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913722
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2863], Brazil K001101241
Vázquez, F.M. [33056] K000913718 isotype
Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913719
Turner, D. [s.n.] K000913720
Litwinow, D.I. [2183], Turkmenistan K000913744

First published in Sp. Pl.: 77 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 33 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 76 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 33 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 76 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 33 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 76 (1753)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0