1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Pinus L.
      1. Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to Mexico (N. Baja California).

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Pinus contorta is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -7.95, which places it in position 844 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 7.05, ranked 451. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Idaho, Mexico Northwest, Montana, Nevada, Northwest Territorie, Oregon, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, Yukon

    Introduced into:

    Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, New South Wales, Norway, Romania, Sweden

    Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 17, 1994 Douglas, D. [s.n.], USA K000287546 lectotype
    Feb 17, 1994 Douglas, D. [s.n.], USA K001081815 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001081816

    First published in Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2292 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0