1. Simaroubaceae DC.

    1. This family is accepted.

[FTEA]

Simaroubaceae, Brian Stannard. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

Habit
Trees or shrubs, occasionally scandent, sometimes spiny, usually containing bitter substances; pubescence usually simple, sometimes glandular
Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, pinnate or simple, exstipulate or with stipular spines (Harrisonia)
Inflorescences
Inflorescences paniculate, racemose or cymose
Flowers
Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous
Calyx
Calyx of 3–5(–6) sepals nearly always partly united, valvate to slightly imbricate
Corolla
Petals 3–5(–9), rarely absent (not in Flora area), usually free, imbricate or valvate
Androecium
Stamens 4–10, inserted at the base of a disc, free, sometimes with a scale attached at the base of the filament
Nectaries
Disc annular, pulviniform, cupular or sometimes inconspicuous (at least in dried specimens)
Gynoecium
Ovary globose or 2–5(–6+)-lobed, 2–5(–6+)-locular with 1(–2) ovules per locule, or with free carpels; styles (2–)4–8, free or variously connate
Fruits
Fruit a berry or composed of drupaceous mericarps or dry mericarps attached to a central carpophore
Seeds
Seed with little or no endosperm
[FZ]

Simaroubaceae, H. Wild and J. B. Phipps. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, occasionally ± sarmentose, sometimes spiny and with pubescence of simple, sometimes glandular hairs
Leaves
Leaves alternate (at least in our area), pinnate or sometimes simple, exstipulate
Inflorescences
Inflorescences paniculate, bracteate (in our area)
Flowers
Flowers bisexual, unisexual or polygamous
Calyx
Calyx 2–5-lobed, often very deeply so
Corolla
Petals (3) 4–5 (9), imbricate or valvate, very rarely united in a tube (not in our area), very rarely absent (not in our area)
Nectaries
Disk annular, cupular, or sometimes fused with the ovary, rarely absent
Androecium
Stamens 4–10 (18), rarely ? (not in our area), free, sometimes with a scale adnate at the base of the filament
Gynoecium
Ovary subentire or rarely (2) 4–5-lobed, (1) 2–5-locular; loculi 1-ovulate or rarely 2-ovulate, or sometimes with 2–5 free carpels; styles (2) 4–5, free or variously united
Fruits
Fruit a berry, or of separate drupaceous mericarps or dry angled mericarps suspended from a central carpophore
[FWTA]

Simaroubaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Habit
Trees or shrubs, sometimes with bitter bark, rarely spiny
Leaves
Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, imparipinnate, rarely simple, not or very rarely gland-dotted; stipules absent
Flowers
Flowers small, unisexual or polygamous, actinomorphic
Calyx
Calyx-lobes 3–5
Corolla
Petals 3–5, imbricate or valvate, rarely absent, free or united into a tube
Nectaries
Disk present
Androecium
Stamens inserted at the base of the disk, equal or double the number of the petals, rarely more numerous, free, sometimes with a scale at the base; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise
Gynoecium
Ovary 2–5-lobed, 1–5-celled, or carpels quite separate; styles 2–5; ovules usually solitary, rarely 2 or more, axile
Fruits
Fruit usually indehiscent, dry or drupaceous
Seeds
Seeds with or without endosperm; embryo straight or curved

Images

Simaroubaceae DC. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 209. 1811 [Jan 1811] (as "Simarubeae") (1811)

Accepted by

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

Sources

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0