1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Plantago L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Antarctic, Hawaii, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually in radical rosettes or opposite or alternate on branched stems, various in shape, usually entire.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a pedunculate, cylindrical spike or head, with inconspicuous flowers, each subtended by a bract.
    Flowers
    Flowers almost always hermaphrodite, 4-merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx about as long as the corolla tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4-lobed, somewhat scarious; tube campanulate-tubular or urceolate; lobes lanceolate or ovate, shorter than the tube, usually with membranous margins or deflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, inserted in the corolla tube, alternating with the corolla lobes, exserted; filaments slender.
    Disc
    Disk rare.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose or nearly so, bilocular, ovules 1-many in each locule; style usually much exserted and villous, more rarely included; stigma simple.
    Fruits
    Fruit a membranous capsule, circumscissile.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually more or less boat-shaped with ventral hilum, mucilaginous when wet; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.
    [FTEA]

    Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or perennial, terrestrial, caulescent or mostly acaulescent herbs or suffruticose herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves usually all radical but sometimes, in the species with developed stems, cauline
    Flowers
    Flowers nearly always hermaphrodite, 4-merous, in heads or cylindrical spikes
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the corolla-tube
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-4-locular; ovules 1-many in each locule
    Fruits
    Capsule circumscissile
    Seeds
    Seeds 1-many in each locule, usually ± boat-shaped with ventral hilum; albumen fleshy; embryo straight or curved; radicle inferior.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Desventurados Is., Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Galápagos, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Netherlands, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niger, Norfolk Is., North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Ascension, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cook Is., Crozet Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kerguelen, Leeward Is., Marion-Prince Edward, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Seychelles, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia

    Plantago L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1909], Morocco K000564905
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6017], Brazil K001048632
    Gardner [5138], Brazil K001048622
    Gardner [216], Brazil K001048624
    Burchell [3241], Brazil K001048623

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 5: 504.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pilg. in E.P. IV. 269: 1-466 (1937)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 52 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 112 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0