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  1. Family: Eriocaulaceae Martinov
    1. Eriocaulon L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is NW. Europe, Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Russian Far East, America.


    Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Scapes single, often twisted, enclosed at the base by a tubular sheath
    Involucral bracts of the capitulum scarious to coriaceous, spreading or reflexed at maturity; floral bracts frequently white-hairy towards the tip
    Flowers sessile or pedicellate on the central receptacle, male and female mixed or the female around the periphery (especially in annuals)
    Sepals free or ± connate especially in the male flowers, usually free in the female, often navicular, sometimes winged
    Petals with a subapical or apical black gland on the inner face, or the glands sometimes reduced or absent, often white-hairy at the tip; male petals all very small or one enlarged and exserted from the capitulum
    Stamens twice as many as the petals (except E. angustibracteum ); anthers black or white
    Seeds relatively large, ellipsoid, yellow to reddish brown, smooth or distinctively patterned.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:


    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Eriocaulon L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Adames, P., Sierra Leone 22474.000
    Johns, R.J. [9039], Indonesia 72447.000
    Johns, R.J. [9039], Indonesia 72634.000
    Bidgood, S. [5281], Tanzania K000190511
    Giulietti, A.M. [CFCR 13790], Brazil K000887115
    Pirani, J.R. [1875], Brazil K000887116
    Mello-Silva, R. [1655], Brazil K000887114
    Irwin, H.S. [5421], Brazil K000887123
    Glaziou, A. [19998], Brazil K000887117
    Rezende, J.M. [1006], Brazil K000887121
    Burchell [5656], Brazil K000887118
    Burchell [7831 -2], Brazil K000887119
    Burchell [4722 - 2], Brazil K000887120
    Tweedie [s.n.], Uruguay K000887122


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Ruhland in Engl., Pflanzenr. Eriocaulac. 30 (1903).
    • F.T.A. 8: 231
    • Sp. Pl. 87 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Oberm. in F.S.A. 4(2): 9–19 (1985)
    • Meikle in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 57–64 (1968)
    • H. Hess in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 65: 123–178 (1955)
    • Ruhland in E.P. 4, 30: 30–117 (1903)
    • N.E. Br. in F.T.A. 8: 231–259 (1901)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 38 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 87 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew