1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Stellaria L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Antarctic, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs usually with slender diffuse stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, sessile or petiolate, simple, entire, flat or very rarely subulate, exstipulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of terminal dichasial cymes, rarely flowers solitary.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, free.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, white, deeply bilobed, or occasionally absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10 (5 + 5) or fewer by reduction.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular; styles (2) 3, free.
    Fruits
    Capsule usually more or less rounded, opening at the apex by 3 or 6 (rarely 2 or 4) valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous or occasionally 1–4-, roundish-reniform.
    [FTEA]

    Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, often with slender diffuse stems, glabrous or hairy
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, simple, entire, flat to (rarely) subulate, exstipulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences dichasial cymes which are terminal to the branches, rarely the flowers solitary
    Calyx
    Sepals free, 4–5
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, more or less deeply bilobed, white, or occasionally absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 + 5, or fewer by reduction
    Style
    Styles generally 3 but sometimes 2, free
    Fruits
    Capsule unilocular with 3 (or rarely 2) or 6 (rarely 4) valves
    Seeds
    Seeds either numerous or 1–4.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    New Zealand North

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Azores, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Crozet Is., Cuba, Free State, Galápagos, Guinea, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kerguelen, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Marion-Prince Edward, Mauritius, Namibia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia

    Stellaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 421 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 141.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed 5: 193 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 421 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 193 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 421 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0