1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Tecoma Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees with simple, 3-foliolate or imparipinnate leaves.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets serrate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal racemes or panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, shallowly 5-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow or orange-red, tubular to campanulate, glabrous outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens included, just reaching throat or exserted.
    Anthers
    Anthers divaricate to basally divergent, glabrous or pilose.
    Ovary
    Ovary narrowly cylindrical, the ovules 2-seriate in each locule. Disk cylindrical.
    Fruits
    Fruit a linear capsule, somewhat compressed, dehiscing perpendicular to the septum.
    Seeds
    Seeds thin with 2 hyaline membranous wings.
    Note
    A genus of 12 species in the tropics and subtropics of the New World. One species is very widely cultivated and has become naturalised. Several others are also cultivated in East Africa.
    [FZ]

    Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Straggling shrubs or small tree.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, imparipinnate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal racemes or racemose panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-toothed.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube narrowly funnel-shaped, almost cylindrical, curved; corolla limb bilabiate, orange to scarlet.
    Stamens
    Stamens didynamous, exserted; thecae connate in the upper third, slightly divergent below.
    Disc
    Disk cupular.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular; ovules numerous, 4-seriate in each locule.
    Fruits
    Capsule linear-oblong in outline, compressed, dehiscing at right angles to the septum.
    Seeds
    Seeds with membranous wings.
    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees with imparipinnate leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal racemes or panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla with curved very narrowly funnelshaped tube and bilabiate limb, the upper lobe 3-fid, the lower 2-fid.
    Stamens
    Stamens wellexserted, didynamous.
    Sporangia
    Thecae connate for the upper third, slightly diverging below.
    Disc
    Disk cupular.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular with ovules numerous, 4-seriate in each locule.
    Fruits
    Fruit a linear-oblong compressed dehiscent capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds with membranous wings.
    Note
    A single species in tropical and S Africa but much cultivated elsewhere as an ornamental. Only one subspecies occurs wild in East Africa but the other is cultivated. K. Schumann (E.&.P., Pf. 4 (3b): 229 (1895)) kept Tecoma and Tecomaria separate but retained three South and Central American species in Tecomaria presumably because they had exserted stamens. The two genera are very close with most species of Tecoma having the stamens included and all have much more regular straight corollas; the anthers are not in any way connate. This is explained away by those who unite the genera as pollination adaptations but we do not see why being able to explain a difference in characters means they are of no value. Gentry at first kept them separate but later combined them (Fl. Neotropica 25(2): 273–4 (1992)).

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    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Bolivia, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Canary Is., Chad, Christmas I., Cook Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Hawaii, India, Line Is., Mauritania, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, Nicobar Is., St.Helena

    Tecoma Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1272], Bolivia K000295090
    Rico, L. [1160], Bolivia K000661659

    First published in Gen. Pl.: 139 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Theisen, I. & Lohmann, L.G. in Kubitkzki, K. (ed.) (2004). Bignoniaceae The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 7: 9-38. Springer.
    • Burger, W. & Gentry, A.H. (2000). Bignoniaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series, n.s., 41: 77-160. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • Gentry, A.H (1992). Bignoniaceae-Part II (Tribe Tecomeae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(II): 1-370.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Neotropica 25(2): 273–293 (1992)
    • Gen. Pl.: 139 (1789);

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0