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  1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Capparis Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Mongolia.


    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Shrubs or small trees; branches often sarmentose, sometimes climbing.
    Stipules often transformed into spines.
    Leaves simple and entire.
    Inflorescences of terminal or axillary racemes sometimes condensed into corymbs or umbels, or occasionally of single flowers.
    Sepals 4, free or very nearly so, the two outer often overlapping the two inner, equal, or the two inner exceeding the outer.
    Petals usually 4, exceeding, equalling or much smaller than the calyx-segments.
    Stamens 6–?, free, inserted on a very short androgynophore.
    Ovary with a gynophore, with 1-several loculi and with 2-several placentas; stigma sessile or subsessile.
    Fruit globose, ovoid or elongated, usually indehiscent.
    Seeds 1–?, embedded in a fleshy pulp, embryo convolute.

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham And G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Shrubs with flexuous or clambering branches
    Leaves simple, usually with a pair of generally recurved stipular thorns
    Flowers solitary in the leaf-axils or in terminal or lateral variously developed often corymbose racemes
    Sepals 4, free or nearly so, often unequal, imbricate
    Petals 4, always present
    Androphore absent; stamens 5–40 or more
    Ovary globose or cylindrical, 1–several-locular; placentas 2–several
    Fruit a berry, globose, irregular or ellipsoid with longitudinal grooves.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., Trinidad-Tobago

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Capparis Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Greenway, P.J. [6205], Zimbabwe 9008.000
    Rico, L. [1973], Dominican Republic K000478746
    Coode, M.J.E. [5302], Philippines 51100.000
    McCloune, J. [174] K000230720
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132282
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132283
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132715


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 184 (1915).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 94

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 222 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 503 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E. & P.Pf., ed. 2, 17B: 172 (1936)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 222 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.