1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Lobelia Plum. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or small trees with a palm–like habit.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, entire to incised or lobed.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual or rarely unisexual in racemes or solitary in leaf–axils, nearly always resupinate.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes 5, often somewhat unequal.
    Corolla
    Corolla split to the base or almost so on the back only, or sometimes the two upper petals are almost free to the base or all the petals ultimately free, usually 2–lipped with upper lip 2–lobed, lower 3–lobed, more rarely all petals are forming a single lip.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, free from the corolla or slightly attached to it at the base; anthers united into a tube, the two lower or all of them penicillate at the tip, the two lower ones somewhat shorter than the others.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior to subsuperior, 2–locular; stigma–lobes 2, short and broad, surrounded by a ring of hairs.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular dehiscing by 2, rarely 4, apical valves, or rarely indehiscent; seeds usually numerous.
    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or small trees with a palm-like habit
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, entire to incised or lobed
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual or rarely unisexual, in racemes or solitary in leaf-axils, nearly always resupinate
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 5, often somewhat unequal
    Corolla
    Corolla split to the base or almost so on the back only, or sometimes the 2 upper petals are almost free to the base or all the petals ultimately free, usually 2-lipped with upper lip 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed, more rarely all petals forming a single lip
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, free from the corolla or slightly attached to it at the base; filaments linear; anthers united into a tube, the 2 lower or all of them penicillate at the tip, the 2 lower ones somewhat shorter than the others
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior to subsuperior, 2-locular; stigma-lobes 2, short and broad, surrounded by a ring of hairs
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, dehiscing by 2, rarely 4, apical valves, or rarely indehiscent; seeds usually numerous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alberta, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Føroyar, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Canary Is., Fiji, Italy, South Georgia, Tristan da Cunha

    Lobelia Plum. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sucre, D. [5614], Brazil K001047518
    Ganev, W. [602], Brazil K001047520
    Ollerton, J. [107], Guyana 76076.000
    Marcon, A.B. [97], Brazil K001047521
    Marcon, A.B. [97], Brazil K001047522
    Silva, G.P. [2068], Brazil K001047519
    Mori, S. [10444], Brazil K001047517
    Rottler, J.P. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132380
    Rottler, J.P. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132381
    Christenhusz, M.J.M. [2010-1551], Mexico K000696321

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 929 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • E. Wimm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 276b Campanulac—Lobelioid.: 408 (1953).
    • —F.T.A. 3: 464
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • E. Wimmer in Engl, Pflanzenr. IV. 276 b: 408 (1953).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 401 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 929 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • E. Wimmer in E.P. IV. 276b: 408–695 (1953)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 401 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 929 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/