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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Eryngium Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, N. Africa, São Tome, Maluku to New Zealand, America.


    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, often suffused with a bluish colour
    Leaves simple to pinnately divided, usually ciliate to spinulose or spinose, rarely unarmed
    Umbels simple, few–numerous, reduced to a dense short and capitate to elongate-spicate capitulum; involucre present, variably developed
    Flowers commonly white, each subtended by a single entire or furcate, sharp-pointed bracteole
    Calyx-teeth conspicuous, sharply pointed
    Petals channelled, deeply notched above with a long incurved lobule frequently equalling the lamina
    Fruit ovate to subglobose, dorsally or laterally compressed, usually densely furnished with whitish scales or vesicular verrucae; commissure broad to narrow; ribs obsolete; vittae few and conspicuous to numerous and very slender; stylopodia expanded, flattish; carpophore absent
    Endosperm ± rounded dorsally or somewhat depressed, the commissural face flattened or slightly concave.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Louisiana, Maluku, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Netherlands, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Suriname, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central American Pac, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, East Himalaya, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New York, Nicobar Is., Primorye, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uganda, Vermont, Vietnam, Zaïre

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Eryngium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [21682], Brazil K001130712
    Philcox, D. [4582], Brazil K001130719
    Ratter, J.A. [469], Brazil K001130721
    Ratter, J.A. [460], Brazil K001130715
    Pirani, J.R. [7232], Brazil K001130716
    Heringer, E.P. [1128], Brazil K001130718
    Bernardi, L. [19604], Paraguay K001130717
    Schnell, R. [8378], Brazil K001130713
    Mimura, I. [119], Brazil K001130720
    Mimura, I. [29], Brazil K001130722
    Mimura, I. [29], Brazil K001130723
    Mimura, I. [119], Brazil K001130724
    Mimura, I. [119], Brazil K001130714
    Glaziou [14878], Brazil K001130520
    Rojas, E. [10954], Paraguay K001130725


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 233 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Wörz, A. (2011). Revision of Eryngium L. (Apiaceae-Saniculoideae): General part and Palaearctic species Bibliotheca Botanica 159: 1-498.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 3: 6.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • H. Wolff in E.P. IV. 228, heft 61: 106–271 (1913)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 108 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 232 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.