1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Frangula Mill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Guyana

    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Madeira

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Uzbekistan, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Frangula Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Rhamnus.]

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0