1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Polypogon Desf.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World, SW. & S. Australia, W. & Central U.S.A. to Central America, Venezuela to W. South America, SE. & S. Brazil to S. South America, Subantarctic Islands.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

    Spikelets
    Spikelets pedicelled, 1-flowered, laterally compressed, gaping at length, falling entire, awned, with an obtuse to acute basal callus; rhachilla disarticulating above the glumes, not produced beyond the floret; floret hermaphrodite, shorter than the glumes (except for the awn).
    Glume
    Glumes 2, subequal to slightly unequal, 1-nerved, membranous, dorsally rounded below and usually keeled towards the apex, the flanks thinner in texture than the somewhat hardened dorsal surface, with the apex entire to shortly 2-lobed, unawned or awned from between the sinuses or slightly below the apex if entire; awn straight, slender.
    Lemma
    Lemma awned or awnless, shorter than the glumes (excluding the awn), obscurely 5 (very rarely 3-)-nerved, thinly membranous, hyaline, with the apex truncate, the lateral nerves usually excurrent into short mucros; awn straight, slender, usually deciduous, rarely reduced to a mucro or completely absent.
    Palea
    Palea as long as or slightly shorter than the body of the lemma, 2-nerved, 2-keeled, very thinly membranous, hyaline.
    Lodicules
    Lodicules 2, rather small.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; styles distinct, very short; stigmas short, plumose, laterally exserted.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic to obovate-elliptic in outline, terete in cross-section, free between the slightly indurate lemma and palea; hilum short; embryo 1/4-1/3 the length of the caryopsis.
    Habit
    Annuals or perennials with slender culms.
    Ligules
    Ligule a scarious membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many-flowered panicle, usually condensed, rarely somewhat open.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, linear
    Inflorescences
    Panicle contracted or spike-like
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly oblong to oblong, small, falling entire together with the pedicel or part of it; rhachilla not prolonged, eventually disarticulating below the floret. Glumes narrow, subequal, 1-nerved, membranous, rough, keeled above, entire, emarginate or 2-lobed at the tip, with a fine straight awn from the tip or between the lobes; lemma mostly broadly oblong, shorter than the glumes, truncate, thin, finely 5-nerved usually awned from near the apex, with the very fine awn often deciduous; palea as long as the lemma or shorter.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Baleares, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf States, Honduras, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kerguelen, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Madeira, Marion-Prince Edward, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niger, North Caucasus, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Angola, Arkansas, Austria, Bermuda, Botswana, British Columbia, Chatham Is., Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Réunion, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Swaziland, Tasmania, Tennessee, Ukraine, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Virginia, Yukon

    Polypogon Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3777], Nepal K001119986
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3777], Nepal K001119987

    First published in Fl. Atlant. 1: 66 (1798)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Atlant. 1: 66 (1798).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Atlant. 1: 66 (1798)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0