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This genus is accepted, and its native range is New World.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Stems with cylindrical, club-shaped, subglobose or flattened joints
Morphology General Areoles
Areoles tufted with irritant barbed bristles and usually 1 to many spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves small, soon falling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, sessile, brightly coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry with areoles, bristles and sometimes spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with aril.
Distribution
Some 150 species in America, some widely naturalized elsewhere.

[FTEA]

Cactaceae, R. Hunt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby or arborescent cacti with cylindrical, club-shaped, subglobose or flattened branches
Morphology General Areoles
Areoles tufted with barbed bristles (glochids) and usually 1–∞ longer stouter spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves small, subulate to terete, usually early deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, sessile; perianth rotate or erect,brightly coloured, segments ∞
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules circinotropous (the funicles circinnate)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry bearing areoles, glochids, and sometimes spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ∞, encased by the hard, white funicular aril; endosperm scanty
Distribution
A large genus distributed naturally throughout the Americas from British Columbia to the Strait of Magellan
Note
Widely introduced in the warmer parts of the world, some species as food-plants for the cochineal insect, some for forage or for their edible fruits.

Native to:

Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming

Introduced into:

Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central European Rus, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Gambia, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Palestine, Portugal, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turks-Caicos Is., Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Opuntia Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ecuador 44886.000

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gard. Dict., Abr. ed. 4 (1754)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0