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  1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Corchorus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Herbs or small shrubs, sometimes with annual stems from a woody rootstock, with simple or stellate hairs.
    Leaves alternate, serrate, dentate, repand or lobed, with the basal teeth often prolonged into long setaceous points; petiole usually more densely pubescent on the upper side; stipules lateral, usually setaceous or subacute.
    Inflorescences of bracteate pedunculate cymes ± opposite the leaves.
    Flowers bisexual.
    Sepals 4–5, usually narrow, often caudate at the apex.
    Petals yellow, obovate, oblanceolate or linear, usually with a short ciliolate basal claw.
    Ovary borne on a very short glabrous androgynophore which is annular at its apex.
    Stamens 7 to many, filamentous, arising between the annulus and ovary.
    Ovary 2–5-locular, with 2 to many axile ovules in each chamber; style glabrous, with a cup-shaped or slightly 2–6-lobed or capitate-fimbriate stigma.
    Fruit an elongated or subglobose capsule, glabrous or hairy, smooth, bristly or prickly, straight or curved, loculicidally 2–5-valved, sometimes with transverse septa within, 2- to many-seeded.
    Seeds dark brown or black, pendulous or horizontal, quadrate, ellipsoid, cylindric or irregularly hemispherical; embryo usually curved; cotyledons flat; endosperm fleshy.

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Annual or perennial herbs
    Leaves alternate, simple, ovate, elliptic, lanceolate or oblong, verrucose above, margins serrate, crenate or dentate, often with a pair of basal setae; petioles pubescent, more so on one side; stipules subulate, pubescent, glabrous or ciliate, rarely stellate-tomentose
    Inflorescence of 1–3(–5)-flowered, leaf-opposed fascicles, or cymes of up to 6 flowers; bracts subulate, pilose or glabrous, rarely stellate-tomentose
    Sepals 4–5, free, acuminate, cucullate
    Petals 4–5, obovate or oblanceolate rarely spathulate, free, yellow
    Stamens 5–∞
    Ovary cylindric or oblong, rarely spherical, pubescent
    Fruit a capsule, solitary or in 2s–5s, cylindric or spherical, straight or slightly curved, splitting into 3–5 valves, often ending in a beak or spreading horns
    Seeds angular, dolabriform or oblong-ovoid.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Aldabra, Arizona, Cambodia, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros, Cyprus, Georgia, Jawa, Korea, Louisiana, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mississippi, Morocco, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Texas, Tunisia

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Corchorus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2000 s.coll. [6715], Brazil K001209697
    Harley, R.M. [19408], Brazil K001209706
    Blanchet [2751], Brazil K001209699
    Rodal, M. [556], Brazil K001209698
    Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001209704
    Sello [1068/735], Brazil K001209694
    Atkins, S. [13798], Brazil K001209695
    Prance, G.T. [17994], Brazil K001209705
    Fonseca, M.R. [1299], Brazil K001209696
    Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209702
    Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209703
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132317
    s.coll. [1986], Brazil K001209701
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001209700


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 530 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 1: 261.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 234 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 95–100 (1997)
    • Edmonds, Herb. Surv. Afr. Corchorus Sp.: 15–43, 117–160 (1990)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1953)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.