1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Corchorus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Herbs or small shrubs, sometimes with annual stems from a woody rootstock, with simple or stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, serrate, dentate, repand or lobed, with the basal teeth often prolonged into long setaceous points; petiole usually more densely pubescent on the upper side; stipules lateral, usually setaceous or subacute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of bracteate pedunculate cymes ± opposite the leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, usually narrow, often caudate at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, obovate, oblanceolate or linear, usually with a short ciliolate basal claw.
    Ovary
    Ovary borne on a very short glabrous androgynophore which is annular at its apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7 to many, filamentous, arising between the annulus and ovary.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2–5-locular, with 2 to many axile ovules in each chamber; style glabrous, with a cup-shaped or slightly 2–6-lobed or capitate-fimbriate stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit an elongated or subglobose capsule, glabrous or hairy, smooth, bristly or prickly, straight or curved, loculicidally 2–5-valved, sometimes with transverse septa within, 2- to many-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown or black, pendulous or horizontal, quadrate, ellipsoid, cylindric or irregularly hemispherical; embryo usually curved; cotyledons flat; endosperm fleshy.
    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, ovate, elliptic, lanceolate or oblong, verrucose above, margins serrate, crenate or dentate, often with a pair of basal setae; petioles pubescent, more so on one side; stipules subulate, pubescent, glabrous or ciliate, rarely stellate-tomentose
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 1–3(–5)-flowered, leaf-opposed fascicles, or cymes of up to 6 flowers; bracts subulate, pilose or glabrous, rarely stellate-tomentose
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–5, free, acuminate, cucullate
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5, obovate or oblanceolate rarely spathulate, free, yellow
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–∞
    Ovary
    Ovary cylindric or oblong, rarely spherical, pubescent
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule, solitary or in 2s–5s, cylindric or spherical, straight or slightly curved, splitting into 3–5 valves, often ending in a beak or spreading horns
    Seeds
    Seeds angular, dolabriform or oblong-ovoid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Aldabra, Arizona, Cambodia, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros, Cyprus, Georgia, Jawa, Korea, Louisiana, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mississippi, Morocco, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Texas, Tunisia

    Corchorus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2000 s.coll. [6715], Brazil K001209697
    Harley, R.M. [19408], Brazil K001209706
    Blanchet [2751], Brazil K001209699
    Rodal, M. [556], Brazil K001209698
    Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001209704
    Sello [1068/735], Brazil K001209694
    Atkins, S. [13798], Brazil K001209695
    Prance, G.T. [17994], Brazil K001209705
    Fonseca, M.R. [1299], Brazil K001209696
    Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209702
    Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209703
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132317
    s.coll. [1986], Brazil K001209701
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001209700

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 530 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 261.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 234 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 95–100 (1997)
    • Edmonds, Herb. Surv. Afr. Corchorus Sp.: 15–43, 117–160 (1990)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1953)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0