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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or small shrubs, sometimes with annual stems from a woody rootstock, with simple or stellate hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, serrate, dentate, repand or lobed, with the basal teeth often prolonged into long setaceous points; petiole usually more densely pubescent on the upper side; stipules lateral, usually setaceous or subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of bracteate pedunculate cymes ± opposite the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, usually narrow, often caudate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, obovate, oblanceolate or linear, usually with a short ciliolate basal claw.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary borne on a very short glabrous androgynophore which is annular at its apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7 to many, filamentous, arising between the annulus and ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–5-locular, with 2 to many axile ovules in each chamber; style glabrous, with a cup-shaped or slightly 2–6-lobed or capitate-fimbriate stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an elongated or subglobose capsule, glabrous or hairy, smooth, bristly or prickly, straight or curved, loculicidally 2–5-valved, sometimes with transverse septa within, 2- to many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown or black, pendulous or horizontal, quadrate, ellipsoid, cylindric or irregularly hemispherical; embryo usually curved; cotyledons flat; endosperm fleshy.

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, ovate, elliptic, lanceolate or oblong, verrucose above, margins serrate, crenate or dentate, often with a pair of basal setae; petioles pubescent, more so on one side; stipules subulate, pubescent, glabrous or ciliate, rarely stellate-tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 1–3(–5)-flowered, leaf-opposed fascicles, or cymes of up to 6 flowers; bracts subulate, pilose or glabrous, rarely stellate-tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, free, acuminate, cucullate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, obovate or oblanceolate rarely spathulate, free, yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–∞
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary cylindric or oblong, rarely spherical, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, solitary or in 2s–5s, cylindric or spherical, straight or slightly curved, splitting into 3–5 valves, often ending in a beak or spreading horns
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds angular, dolabriform or oblong-ovoid.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or shrublets, with indumentum of simple or stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, not lobed, with crenate, dentate or serrate margins; stipules subulate to triangular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or clustered, leaf-opposed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, elliptic, hooded at the apex, ciliolate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, linear to obovate, usually with a ciliate claw, as long as the sepals or slightly shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5 to many
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–5-celled with 3 to many ovules in each cell; style with lobed or cup-shaped stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule cylindrical to ellipsoid or globose, glabrous, hairy, bristly or prickly, 2–5-valved, with 2–many-seeded cells, sometimes with transverse septa (not in the Flora area); seeds grey, black or brown, quadrangular, ellipsoid or cylindrical.
Distribution
About 75 species in all tropical and subtropical regions.

[FSOM]
Use
The fibers of some species, e. g. C. olitorius, are used commercially in parts of Asia.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Arizona, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros, Cyprus, Georgia, Jawa, Korea, Louisiana, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mississippi, Morocco, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Texas, Tunisia

Corchorus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2000 s.coll. [6715], Brazil K001209697
Fonseca, M.R. [1299], Brazil K001209696
Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209702
Prance, G.T. [17994], Brazil K001209705
s.coll. [1986], Brazil K001209701
Sello [1068/735], Brazil K001209694
Rodal, M. [556], Brazil K001209698
Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001209704
Harley, R.M. [19408], Brazil K001209706
Atkins, S. [13798], Brazil K001209695
Blanchet [2751], Brazil K001209699
Gardner [4444], Brazil K001209703
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132317
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001209700

First published in Sp. Pl.: 530 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 261.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 234 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Edmonds, Herbarium survey of African Corchorus species, Systematic and Ecogeographic studies on crop genepools 4, IBPGR, Rome (1990).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Edmonds, Herb. Surv. Afr. Corchorus Sp.: 15–43, 117–160 (1990)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 529 (1953)
  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 95–100 (1997)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0