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  1. Family: Rosaceae Juss.
    1. Prunus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Trees or shrubs, sometimes spiny.
    Leaves alternate, deciduous or persistent, simple, entire or incised; stipules small, caducous.
    Flowers usually bisexual, solitary or fasciculate-corymbose or in racemes, sometimes precocious.
    Perianth usually biseriate and 5-merous, sometimes irregularly so.
    Calyx-tube obconic, campanulate, cyathiform or tubular; calyx-lobes imbricate.
    Petals inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube, or absent.
    Stamens 10–∞, inserted with the petals; filaments filiform, free.
    Carpel 1, style terminal, stigma peltate, capitate or truncate; ovules 2, collateral.
    Fruit drupaceous, fleshy or dry, indehiscent, 1- or rarely 2-seeded.

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Hermaphrodite or occasionally polygamous trees or shrubs
    Leaves simple, entire or serrate, petiolate
    Calyx cup-like, with 5 lobes later deciduous leaving a narrow circular rim
    Petals (0–)5(–12), small, inserted in the mouth of the calyx-tube
    Stamens (10–)21–33(–35), perigynous
    Ovary superior, sessile, narrowed above; ovules 2, paired; style terminal
    Fruit drupaceous, 1–2-seeded; pericarp dry.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alaska, Argentina South, Cape Verde, Falkland Is., Mauritius, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Victoria

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Prunus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Turrill, W.B. 16077.000
    Schilling, A.D., Nepal 37398.000
    Lamb, A. [MTED 512], Malaysia 61216.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 473 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 213 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 473 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew