1. Family: Rosaceae Juss.
    1. Prunus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, deciduous or persistent, simple, entire or incised; stipules small, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually bisexual, solitary or fasciculate-corymbose or in racemes, sometimes precocious.
    Perianth
    Perianth usually biseriate and 5-merous, sometimes irregularly so.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube obconic, campanulate, cyathiform or tubular; calyx-lobes imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube, or absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10–∞, inserted with the petals; filaments filiform, free.
    Carpels
    Carpel 1, style terminal, stigma peltate, capitate or truncate; ovules 2, collateral.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, fleshy or dry, indehiscent, 1- or rarely 2-seeded.
    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Hermaphrodite or occasionally polygamous trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, entire or serrate, petiolate
    Calyx
    Calyx cup-like, with 5 lobes later deciduous leaving a narrow circular rim
    Corolla
    Petals (0–)5(–12), small, inserted in the mouth of the calyx-tube
    Stamens
    Stamens (10–)21–33(–35), perigynous
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, sessile, narrowed above; ovules 2, paired; style terminal
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, 1–2-seeded; pericarp dry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alaska, Argentina South, Cape Verde, Falkland Is., Mauritius, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Victoria

    Prunus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Turrill, W.B. 16077.000
    Schilling, A.D., Nepal 37398.000
    Lamb, A. [MTED 512], Malaysia 61216.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 473 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 213 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 473 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0