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  1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Cordia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtrop.


    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Trees or shrubs sometimes dioecious.
    Leaves alternate, rarely subopposite, petiolate, entire to coarsely toothed.
    Cymes arranged in lax or dense or sometimes very contracted and subglobose panicles, ebracteate, terminal or axillary.
    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, actinomorphic, pedicelled or subsessile, the pedicels joined.
    Calyx tubular or ± campanulate, sometimes sulcate, usually splitting irregularly, 3-5-toothed, enlarging in fruit.
    Corolla 4-5(7)-lobed, funnel-shaped to salver-shaped, white or yellowish; lobes imbricate or subcontorted in bud, shallow and obscure or oblong and conspicuous, patent or recurved at anthesis.
    Stamens or staminodes inserted in the corolla tube, as many as the corolla lobes and alternate with them; anthers oblong.
    Ovary entire, 4-locular with 1 ovule in each locule (or reduced and abortive in male flowers); style terminal, twice cleft, with stigmatic branches linear or clavate.
    Fruit drupaceous, partially or wholly surrounded by the enlarged persistent calyx; stone with 1-4 exalbuminous seeds, cotyledons plicate.

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Trees or shrubs, less often climbers or scramblers
    Leaves alternate or in a few (but sometimes very common species) subopposite, petiolate, simple, often large, entire to crenate-dentate
    Flowers mostly white, yellow or orange, hermaphrodite, polygamous or unisexual (plant dioecious), subsessile or pedicellate, borne in terminal or axillary dichotomous corymbs, panicles or subglobose clusters of cymes, the branches scorpioid, without bracts Female with anthers sterile, otherwise similar to ♂ flowers Male flowers with 4–8 stamens, the filaments often hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary but style absent
    Male flowers with 4–8 stamens, the filaments often hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary but style absent
    Female with anthers sterile, otherwise similar to ♂ flowers
    Calyx tubular or campanulate, smooth or with marked ribs, 2–5(–more)-lobed, persistent and accrescent in fruit
    Corolla funnel-shaped or salver-shaped, mostly 5- but sometimes 3–8-lobed; tube short or long, cylindric or widened; lobes erect, spreading or reflexed, imbricate or subcontorted in bud.
    Stamens exserted or included, the filaments glabrous or pubescent at the base
    Ovary 4-locular with 1 erect ovule in each locule
    Style terminal, twice bifid (or abnormally twice trifid), the ultimate stigmatic parts of the 4 branches linear to subfoliaceous or terminated by 1 capitate or peltate stigma, rarely with 4 separate styles
    Fruits ovoid, globose or ellipsoid, included in or sitting in the persistent accrescent cupuliform calyx; endocarp bony with up to 4 locules but only 1–2 fertile
    Seeds without endosperm.



    Native to:

    Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    East Aegean Is., Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hawaii, Iraq, Libya, Marquesas, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Turkey

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Cordia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [14980], Malawi K000285746
    Verdcourt, B. [1060], Kenya 39647.000
    Eyles, F. [8806], Zimbabwe 11172.000
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9589], Cameroon K000029798
    Rico, L. [1461], Bolivia K000295378
    Headley, P.M. [223], Ethiopia 6049.057
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132436
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132435
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 9064], India K001132167


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 191 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 6.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 87 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 190 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174: 1–78 (1988)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 87 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 190 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew