1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Sideroxylon L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Africa to S. China, Central Pacific, Central & S. U.S.A. to S. America.

    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrubs and small trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves exstipulate, coriaceous, with characteristic fine tertiary vein reticulation.
    Flowers
    Flowers subsessile to petiolate, fascicled in axils of current and/or recently fallen leaves, usually pentamerous.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes almost free.
    Corolla
    Petals united at base into a short to long tube.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at level of base of lobes; anthers extrorse, included to somewhat exserted.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes large, petaloid, entire to lacerate.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium with subglobose, densely pilose ovary tapering at apex into the cylindrical style.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1–seeded subglobose berry with very sticky mesocarp; style persistent.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose to ovoid, often faintly pentangular; testa shiny, pale to dark brown; scar small, basal, subcircular; endosperm copious; embryo horizontal, with thin leafy cotyledons.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes spiny
    Stipules
    Stipules generally absent
    Leaves
    Leaves distinctly petiolate; lamina usually thick and leathery; lateral nerves inconspicuous (at least in Africa), nervation reticulate
    Flowers
    Flowers congested in axils of current or fallen leaves, sometimes cauliflorous, pedicellate
    Calyx
    Sepals 5 (abnormally 4 or 6), ± free or very shortly connate at the base; lobes ± ovate or rounded
    Corolla
    Corolla-lobes 5 (but see above), connate at base; tube well developed, frequently subequal to lobes in length
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, as long as or a little longer than corolla
    Staminodes
    Staminodes present, petaloid or narrower and ligulate, with serrulate or irregularly laciniate margins
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose to conical, pilose, 5-locular; style robust, tapering to simple or ± capitate stigma
    Fruits
    Fruit a single-seeded subglobose berry, with persistent style; skin thin with fleshy mesocarp
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose or ± ovoid, with thickened stony wall; testa shiny brown; scar suborbicular or elliptic, basal; endosperm present; cotyledons flattened and foliaceous; radicle basal or lateral.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Spain

    Sideroxylon L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 4, 2005 Alexander Prior, R.C. [s.n.], USA K000777895
    May 4, 2005 Rugel, F.I.X. [87], Florida K000777896
    Pennington, T.D. [11430], Costa Rica 54205.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13582], Costa Rica 57658.000
    Rugel, F.I.X. [86], Florida K000777894

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 193 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 192 (1753).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Engl., E.M. 8: 25 (1904)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 89 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 192 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0