1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Pouteria Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Deciduous tree.
    Leaves
    Leaves exstipulate, membranous, pellucid–punctate, villous on lower surface; lateral nerves extending to the leaf edge to form the thickened margin, spanned at right angles by conspicuous tertiary veins.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–merous, sessile, in dense fascicles in axils of current or fallen leaves, the buds accompanied by hairy sepal–like bracts.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely pilose; sepals free to base, strongly imbricate.
    Corolla
    Corolla with tube longer than lobes.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in corolla–tube, anthers introrse, included.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, densely pilose; style cylindrical, slightly expanded towards apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit a sessile subglobose berry with persistent style.
    Seeds
    Seed solitary, compressed–ellipsoid; testa shiny, brown, with long lateral scar; endosperm absent, cotyledons fleshy.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Deciduous tree; young shoots and petioles densely pubescent, older branchlets subglabrous; lenticels pale and raised
    Stipules
    Stipules absent
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina large, chartaceous, punctate with small pellucid dots; lateral nerves prominently raised on lower surface, arcuate, looped distally and forming the thickened leaf-margin
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, densely clustered in axils of current or fallen leaves
    Buds
    Buds enclosed within series of hairy bracts
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, free to base
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube long; lobes 5, rounded, less than half length of tube
    Stamens
    Stamens 5; filaments inserted on tube, shorter than corolla; anthers ovate-elliptic
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, densely pilose, 5-locular; style robust, thickened towards apex; stigma 5-papillate
    Fruits
    Fruit a sessile subglobose berry; style persisting at apex
    Seeds
    Seed solitary, ± ellipsoid; testa shiny brown with pale narrow lateral scar; endosperm absent; cotyledons plano-convex; radicle basal.
    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Tall trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves exstipulate, chartaceous or coriaceous, pellucid–punctate (obscurely so in A. adolfi–friedericii), densely pubescent to subglabrous; lateral nerves many–paired, looped distally and running parallel to leaf–margin or meeting it at a very acute angle; tertiary veins conspicuous, spanning lateral nerves at right angles.
    Flowers
    Flowers (4) 5 (6)–merous, pedicellate, fasciculate in axils of current or fallen leaves.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± free to base.
    Corolla
    Corolla with tube longer than lobes.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted near top of tube, anthers extrorse, included.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes present, small, ± subulate or rarely petaloid.
    Ovary
    Ovary subglobose, densely pilose, with long cylindrical style slightly expanded towards the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit a subglobose to narrowly ellipsoid berry, sometimes beaked.
    Seeds
    Seed solitary, ± ellipsoid; testa shining brown; scar covering up to half surface area of seed; endosperm absent, cotyledons fleshy.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Tall trees
    Indumentum
    Young shoots and petioles pubescent, older branchlets deep purplish or blackish-brown in colour, glabrous
    Stipules
    Stipules absent
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina chartaceous or coriaceous, pellucid punctate; midrib and lateral nerves prominently raised on lower surface, primary lateral nerves looped distally and running parallel to leaf-margin, secondary nerves rarely present, veins oblique or reticulate
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, fascicled in axils of current or fallen leaves, or sometimes on short axillary shoots
    Calyx
    Sepals 5 (variants with 4 observed), ± free to base
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube well-developed; lobes 5, rounded or ± truncate
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, inserted on tube, shorter than corolla
    Staminodes
    Five staminodes present, ± subulate or very rarely flattened and ± petaloid
    Pistil
    Style robust, thickened towards apex; stigma 5-papillate
    Fruits
    Fruit a subglobose to obovoid or narrowly ellipsoid berry, sometimes rostrate
    Seeds
    Seed usually solitary, narrowly to broadly ellipsoid; testa shiny brown, with a pale ± ellipsoid lateral to obliquely lateral scar covering up to half surface area; endosperm absent; cotyledons plano-convex; radicle basal
    Note
    A small African genus of about four species, closely related to Malacantha (see comment under the latter genus).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cayman Is., Society Is., Venezuelan Antilles

    Pouteria Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pennington, T.D. [11488], Costa Rica 54210.000
    Pennington, T.D. [10260], Malaysia 54235.000
    Pennington, T.D. [11413], Costa Rica 54246.000
    Pennington, T.D. [11511], Costa Rica 54266.000
    Pennington, T.D. [12451], Peru 54351.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13566], Costa Rica 58808.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13849], French Guiana 59211.000
    Poveda, L.J. [3719], Costa Rica 54217.000
    Poveda, L.J. [3695], Costa Rica 54223.000
    Mori [20684], Brazil 54670.000
    Mori [20672], Brazil 54676.000
    Ribeiro, J.E.L.S. [1905], Brazil 71512.000
    Spironello, W. [635] 73485.000

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 85 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0