1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Malaxis Sol. ex Sw.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Dwarf terrestrial, lithophytic or epiphytic herb with creeping rhizomes or fusiform tuberous roots.
    Stem
    Stems leafy, ± swollen at the base; leaves thin-textured, plicate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, terminal, racemose or subumbellate, few- to many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, resupinate in the Flora Zambesiaca area, green, yellow-green, buff, orange or purple.
    Calyx
    Sepals and petals free, similar or dissimilar, lip larger than tepals, entire or lobed, often ± auriculate at the base; often with dentate margins.
    Column
    Column short; stigma ventral; anther terminal; pollinia ovoid, 4 in 2 pairs joined at the base.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Small terrestrial lithophytic or epiphytic herbs arising from a creeping rhizome
    Stem
    Secondary stems erect, leafy, ± swollen at base, clustered or not, 1–several-leaved
    Leaves
    Leaves thin-textured, plicate, mostly ovate or broadly ovate, with sheathing ± elongate leaf-bases
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, erect, mostly densely many-flowered, racemose to subumbellate
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly small, non-resupinate, green, buff, orange, or purple
    Perianth
    Sepals and petals subsimilar or petals filiform, spreading
    Labellum
    Lip larger than other floral segments, flat, entire or lobed, ± auriculate at base on either side of column, margins ± toothed
    Column
    Column short, porrect, ± auriculate; stigma ventral; anther terminal, flap-like; pollinia ovoid, 4 in 2 pairs joined at base.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baltic States, Belarus, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    California, Hungary

    Malaxis Sol. ex Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [612], Cameroon K000107221
    Feb 1, 1998 Yong, R. [107] 70788.000
    Feb 1, 1998 Yong, R. [107] 70817.000
    India 23187.000
    Barnes, E. [2306A], India 20552.000
    Barnes, E. [1384], India 23188.000
    Mason, L.M. [1817], New Guinea 28679.000
    Mason, L.M. [2449], New Caledonia 33314.000
    Cribb, P.J. [S 66], Papua New Guinea 43123.000
    Cribb, P.J. [S 50], Solomon Is. 43125.000
    Cribb, P.J. [S 180], Papua New Guinea 44067.000
    Cribb, P. [5064], Solomon Is. 48691.000
    Cribb, P. [5003], Solomon Is. 48692.000
    Cribb, P. [5004], Solomon Is. 48696.000
    Odgers [101] 77397.000
    Lamb, A. [AL409/85], Sabah 72837.000
    Lamb, A. [AL1091/88], Sabah 72844.000
    Lamb, A. [AL1461/92], Sabah 72853.000
    Lamb, A. [AL89/83], Sabah 72976.000
    Paterson, A. [134], Indonesia 35152.000
    Lohok, H. [1], Malaysia 56833.000
    Wickison, S. [127], Solomon Is. 53554.000
    Lewis, B. [135], Vanuatu 54951.000
    Sano, P.T. [H52189], Brazil 73112.000
    Humbert, H. [25340], Madagascar K000718468
    Etuge, M. [0 s.n.1], Cameroon K000510913
    Wubben, J. [s.n.] 70350.000
    Chase, M.W. [83299], Mexico 75249.000
    Barker, C. [45], Indonesia 72360.000
    Dickson, M.D. [MD115], Indonesia 73097.000
    Longman, W. [s.n.], Brazil K000940646

    First published in Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 119 (1778)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 119 (1788)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Bentham, Gen. Pl. 3: 493 (1883).
    • Prodr.: 119 (1788);
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Benth. in G.P. 3: 493 (1883)
    • in Veg. Acad. Nya Handl. Stockholm 21: 233 (1800)
    • Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. [Nova genera et species plantarum seu prodromus]: 119 (1788)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0