1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Rhus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrublets, suffrutices, shrubs or trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, 3-foliolate or imparipinnate, rarely digitately 5-foliolate.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles terminal, axillary or both, ± branched.
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual, exceptionally bisexual, very small. Male flowers: calyx (4)5(6)-partite, the segments imbricate; petals (4)5(6), longer than the calyx, imbricate; stamens 5; filaments subulate, inserted below the disk; anthers ovate, dorsifixed, introrse; disk patellifonn or cupuliform; pistillode usually absent. Female flowers: perianth similar to that of the male; staminodes frequently present; ovary ovoid to subglobose, usually 1-locular, with the ovule pendent from an ascendent funicle inserted at the base of the loculus; styles 3, apical, free or connate at the base; stigmas ± capitate.
    Fruits
    Drupe globose or ovoid and compressed, frequently asymmetrical, glabrous or hairy; mesocarp fleshy, ± resinous, sometimes ± dry; endocarp bony or crustaceous.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid or reniform, compressed, with a thin testa; cotyledons very compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

    Habit
    Suffrutices, shrubs or trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, 3-foliolate or imparipinnate, rarely digitately 5-foliolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of terminal and/or axillary panicles
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual, occasionally bisexual, very small Male flowers: calyx (4–)5(–6)-partite, segments imbricate; petals (4–)5(–6), longer than the calyx, imbricate; stamens 5, filaments subulate, inserted below the disk, anthers ovate, dorsifixed, introrse; disk saucer- or cup-shaped; pistillode usually absent Female flowers: perianth similar to ♂; staminodes frequently present; ovary ovoid to subglobose, usually unilocular, with the ovule pendent from an ascendent funicle inserted at the base of the locule; styles 3, apical, free or occasionally connate at the base; stigmas somewhat capitate
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx (4–)5(–6)-partite, segments imbricate; petals (4–)5(–6), longer than the calyx, imbricate; stamens 5, filaments subulate, inserted below the disk, anthers ovate, dorsifixed, introrse; disk saucer- or cup-shaped; pistillode usually absent
    Female
    Female flowers: perianth similar to ♂; staminodes frequently present; ovary ovoid to subglobose, usually unilocular, with the ovule pendent from an ascendent funicle inserted at the base of the locule; styles 3, apical, free or occasionally connate at the base; stigmas somewhat capitate
    Fruits
    Drupe globose or ovoid and compressed, frequently asymmetrical, glabrous or hairy; mesocarp fleshy, somewhat resinous, sometimes rather dry; endocarp bony or crustaceous
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid or reniform, compressed, with a thin testa; cotyledons very compressed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Arizona, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, El Salvador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Lesser Sunda Is., Madeira, Manchuria, Masachusettes, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niue, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Portugal, Qinghai, Québec, Samoa, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, Spain, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tonga, Turkey-in-Europe, Utah, Vermont, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Arkansas, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, Kazakhstan, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey

    Rhus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1988 Soejarto, D.D. [5429], Mexico K000081473
    Hinton, G.B. [15633], Mexico K000081472
    Pennington, T.D. [9570], Mexico K000081467
    Rushforth, K. [KR0428], Mexico K000081466
    Palmer, E. [330], Mexico K000081468
    Gentry, H.S. [4293], Mexico K000081471
    Arsène, G., Mexico K000081474
    Coulter, T. [875], Mexico K000081465
    González O., J. [832], Mexico K000081470
    Conzatti, C. [262], Mexico K000081469
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132330
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132331

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 265 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 436, partly.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 129 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 265 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 129 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 265 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0