1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Glycine L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Asia to Australia.


    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Perennial twining or procumbent herbs or in the case of G. max (L.) Merrill an annual erect herb
    Leaves pinnately or, in 3 Australian species, digitately 3-foliolate; stipules small, deciduous; stipels present
    Inflorescences racemose or falsely racemose, axillary, the flowers sometimes fascicled along the rhachis, more rarely terminal and paniculate, or flowers solitary or in sessile axillary fascicles
    Flowers small, white to blue or purplish
    Calyx 5-lobed, somewhat 2-lipped; the upper pair of lobes joined, often almost for their entire length
    Standard obovate, rhomboid or round, slightly auriculate at the base, glabrous
    Vexillary stamen joined to others or sometimes becoming free with age; anthers uniform
    Ovary several-many-ovuled; style short, slender but not filiform, slightly incurved; stigma small, terminal, capitate
    Pod linear or oblong, subcylindrical or compressed, straight or falcate, ± thinly septate
    Seeds ovoid-oblong or subglobose; hilum short, lateral, with a small scale-like aril.

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)


    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    Glycine has had a convoluted taxonomic history; see also under Neonotonia
    Twining herbs
    Seasonally dry tropical to warm temperate open woodland, thicket, wooded grassland, clearings, riverbanks and dry hillsides
    principally Australia (16 spp.), 2 of which widespread to Pacific Islands, Taiwan, Japan and S China; 2 spp. endemic to China, Taiwan, G. max (L.) Merr. (soyabean; soybean) from E Russia, Korea, China and Japan but widely cultivated
    Soyabean is one of man's principal pulse and food product crops; also used as fodder



    Native to:

    Amur, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Fiji, Galápagos, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Laos, Manchuria, Marianas, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Philippines, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, South Australia, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Xinjiang

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Assam, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Guinea, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Iraq, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, North European Russi, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Samoa, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vermont, West Himalaya

    Glycine L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 753 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 178.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in Taxon 15: 34 (1966), nom. conserv.
    • F. J. Hermann in U.S. Dept. Agric. Tech. Bull. 1268: 9 (1962), as Glycine L.
    • Sp. PL 3 (2): 1053 (1802)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online