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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Small or medium-sized trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaf-surface glabrous or with a few stiff appressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence few-flowered, a short raceme of cymules or cymose throughout, or a false raceme or a subsessile fascicle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts small, eglandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle-tube cupuliform, interior and exterior puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, acute, subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, longer than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 12–26, forming a complete circle; filaments hairy, c. twice as long as sepals, appearing slightly united at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary monocarpellary, 1-locular, inserted at base of receptacle, covered with a dense mass of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Styles puberulous; stigma slightly expanded, shallowly 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe small, glabrous; endocarp thin, hard, interior glabrous, exterior smooth, with 4–8 prominent longitudinal ridges corresponding to the lines of fracture that allow the seedling to escape.

[FTEA]

Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, petiolate, entire; blade with two small basal glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with a shallow receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes and petals 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 15 or more, all or partly fertile, the filaments usually partly united towards the base, inserted all round the rim of the receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpel single, sessile, inserted at the base of the receptacle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, with a large stone.

Native to:

Angola, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Chad, Fiji, Hawaii, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Tanzania, Vietnam

Chrysobalanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 7507] K001127423
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127406
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127407

First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 365.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 229 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0