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  1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Chrysobalanus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa.


    Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Small or medium-sized trees or shrubs.
    Lower leaf-surface glabrous or with a few stiff appressed hairs.
    Inflorescence few-flowered, a short raceme of cymules or cymose throughout, or a false raceme or a subsessile fascicle.
    Bracts small, eglandular.
    Flowers actinomorphic.
    Receptacle-tube cupuliform, interior and exterior puberulous.
    Sepals 5, acute, subequal.
    Petals 5, longer than the sepals.
    Stamens 12–26, forming a complete circle; filaments hairy, c. twice as long as sepals, appearing slightly united at the base.
    Ovary monocarpellary, 1-locular, inserted at base of receptacle, covered with a dense mass of hairs.
    Styles puberulous; stigma slightly expanded, shallowly 3-lobed.
    Drupe small, glabrous; endocarp thin, hard, interior glabrous, exterior smooth, with 4–8 prominent longitudinal ridges corresponding to the lines of fracture that allow the seedling to escape.

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Trees or shrubs
    Leaves simple, petiolate, entire; blade with two small basal glands
    Flowers with a shallow receptacle
    Calyx-lobes and petals 5
    Stamens 15 or more, all or partly fertile, the filaments usually partly united towards the base, inserted all round the rim of the receptacle
    Carpel single, sessile, inserted at the base of the receptacle
    Fruit drupaceous, with a large stone.



    Native to:

    Angola, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Chad, Fiji, Hawaii, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Tanzania, Vietnam

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Chrysobalanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 7507] K001127423
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127406
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7496] K001127407


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 2: 365.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 229 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.