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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
View of the Jesuit College of Caracas, Minas Geraes, Brazil

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, rarely herbs, often armed with prickles
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pseudoracemes axillary or terminal, mostly pyramidal and many-flowered, often appearing when the plant is quite leafless
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mostly large, red or orange, standard usually much larger than the other petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods mostly leathery or woody, often much constricted between the seeds, 2-valved or opening only along upper edge or apparently indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–14, mostly red, orange or yellow with a white or black hilum.
Distribution
Some 120 species throughout the tropics, but predominantly neotropical.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous trees, shrubs or rarely suffrutices; bark usually corky in trees, unarmed or armed with dark prickles often borne on hard woody bosses.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; petiole and leaf rhachis and leaflet veins unarmed or armed with prickles; stipels present, often fleshy or glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences mostly terminal, usually appearing before the new leaves on current or previous year's growth, flowers in 2–several-flowered fascicles; bracts and bracteoles present, sometimes deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, bilabiate or spathaceous, the lobes poorly to well developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla showy, usually bright red or orange; standard greatly exceeding the other petals, often folded longitudinally, without appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens in a sheath with the vexillary filament free or attached.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary stipitate, hairy; ovules 2–many; style long, incurved, usually glabrous, with a small capitate stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong to cylindrical, often constricted between the seeds, usually dehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, ellipsoid to ellipsoid-oblong, red or orange, sometimes bicoloured; hilum elliptic to oblong, black or white.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees or less often shrubs or small subshrubs, rarely perennial herbs, often armed with strong prickles, those on the trunk with large conical woody bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules persistent or deciduous; stipels usually fleshy and glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, mostly pyramidal and many-flowered, frequently appearing when the plant is quite leafless, falsely racemose, the flowers mostly in 2-several-flowered groups (pedicel-bases often not joined but approximate), scattered on the rhachis or rarely flowers axillary and solitary; bracts and bracteoles mostly deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube tubular or fusiform, the limb truncate, oblique or consisting of 1–2 truncate lips or 1–5 teeth varying from small lobes to long filiform divisions, becoming campanulate or at length sheathing, often split down one side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually bright red or orange, generally fairly large; standard oblong or rounded, clawed or not, often folded longitudinally, without appendages; keel and wings usually much smaller than the standard (keel rarely subequal), the keel-petals free or ± joined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Vexillary stamen free or partly connate with the tube; anthers uniform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary stipitate, mostly linear or fusiform, 2–many-ovuled; style long, incurved, usually glabrous; stigma small, capitate, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods mostly linear-oblong, sometimes falcate or oblong-lunate, mostly leathery or woody, frequently much constricted between the seeds, 1–14-seeded, 2-valved or opening only along upper edge or apparently indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, ellipsoid or ellipsoid-reniform, mostly red or orange with an elliptic or oblong, white or black hilum; rim-aril not developed.

[LOWO]

Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

Vernacular
lucky bean tree, coral tree
Habit
Trees and shrubs
Ecology
Seasonally dry tropical and subtropical lowland to upland forest (sometimes coastal, in inundated areas or riverine), woodland, wooded grassland, bushland, thicket and grassland
Distribution
c. 70 spp. in the Neotropics (c. 50 spp. in Mexico, C America and Caribbean; c. 20 spp. in S America, a number of which may comprise the basally branching elements of the genus); 38 spp. in Africa and Madagascar; c. 12 spp. in Asia to Australia
Note
A genus in the unnatural subtribe Erythrininae, in a basally branching clade sister to subtribes Glycininae and Phaseolinae; Bruneau et al. (1995) place Erythrina sister to subtribe Glycininae

Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

[LOWO]
Use
Used as ornamentals ( coral or lucky bean trees ), shade trees, timber (construction, implements), living fences and enclosures, green manure, livestock fodder, medicine and seeds are used for necklaces

Native to:

Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cape Verde, Chagos Archipelago, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Line Is., Madeira, Mauritius, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, St.Helena, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Erythrina L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2013 Etuge, M. [1508], Cameroon K000749737
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4572], Cameroon K000337805
Oct 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9717], Cameroon K000051301
Hepper, F.N. [937], Nigeria 4965.000
Pennington, T.D. [13230], Bolivia 57410.000
Etuge, M. [1585], Cameroon 63807.000
Lee [E 005/ B 157] 71408.000
Lee [E 004/ B 156] 71409.000
Gosline, G. [93], Cameroon K000460247
Cheek, M. [7474], Cameroon K000093841

First published in Sp. Pl.: 706 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 181.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 334 (1754).
  • Krukoff & Barneby in Lloydia 37: 332–459 (1974).
  • Sp. Pl.: 706 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Gillett in Kew Bull. 17: 77–80
  • Krukoff & Barneby in Lloydia 37: 332–459 (1974).
  • Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (1971)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 316 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 706 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Legumes of the World Online
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0