1. Family: Rosaceae Juss.
    1. Alchemilla L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Europe, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Perennial or annual (but not in tropical East Africa) herbs or low shrubs
    Stem
    Stems woody or herbaceous, erect or decumbent, often arising from a central rosette producing extensively creeping or scrambling non-rooting runners or stolons rooting here and there at the nodes
    Leaves
    Leaves radical or cauline or both on the one plant, sessile to long-stalked, undivided or divided into a varying number of shallow or deep lobes arranged palmately or flabellately within a rounded to reniform outline; petioles adnate in part or throughout to membranous or foliaceous stipules
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple or branched, racemose or paniculate, exceeding or ± hidden among the leaves, axillary, few- to many-flowered, sometimes congested
    Flowers
    Flowers small, hermaphrodite, tetramerous, pedicellate to subsessile, subtended by a bract
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube urceolate, ± membranous and persistent, bearing around the mouth two series each of 4 free lobes, the inner 4 (calyx-lobes) alternating with the usually smaller outer 4 (epicalyx-lobes); disc fleshy or somewhat so, closing the mouth of the calyx-tube
    Corolla
    Petals 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, inserted on the rim of the disc, alternate to the calyx-lobes
    Carpels
    Carpels 1–12, stalked, inserted at the base of the receptacle; styles basal; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Achenes 1–12, included within the calyx-tube.
    [FZ]

    Rosaceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, or (outside the F.Z. area) low shrubs or annual herbs.
    Stem
    Stems erect or decumbent, often arising from a central rosette developing rooting or non-rooting stolons.
    Leaves
    Leaves circular or reniform in outline, ± deeply lobed, rarely entire, palmately veined; stipules membranous or foliaceous, adnate to the petiole and ± sheathing the stem.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, simple or branched, few- to many-flowered, exceeding or ± hidden by the subtending leaf, or reduced to 1–2 flowers concealed by the stipules.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, bisexual, usually tetramerous, pedicellate to sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube urceolate, ± membranous, persistent, bearing around the constricted mouth 2 series each of 4 free elements: the outer (“epicalyx-lobes”) usually smaller but sometimes larger, alternating with the inner (calyx-lobes).
    Disc
    Disk ± fleshy, closing the mouth of the calyx-tube.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Stamens
    Stamens usually 4, sometimes less, small, inserted on the rim of the disk, alternating with the calyx-lobes.
    Carpels
    Carpels 1–8(12), sessile or stalked, inserted at the base of the receptacle; styles basal or central; stigma capitellate.
    Fruits
    Achenes 1–8(12), included within a ± inflated, membranous urceolate calyx.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northwest, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Svalbard, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Argentina South, British Columbia, Connecticut, Delaware, Falkland Is., Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Masachusettes, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Primorye, Tasmania, Tennessee, Vermont, Victoria, Washington, Western Australia, Wisconsin

    Alchemilla L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1982 Spruce, R. [5496], Ecuador Lachemilla K000006090

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 123 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 377.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 58(1754).
    • Sp.Pl. 1: 123 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 58 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 123 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0