1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Clinopodium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Clinopodium, O Ryding. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Perennial, aromatic herbs, subshrubs or small shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, toothed or sometimes entire, not thickened
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid or sometimes with the cymes reduced to single flowers; bracts ± similar to the ordinary leaves but gradually smaller upwards in the inflorescences; bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, hardly accrescent, slightly zygomorphic to strongly 2-lipped; tube (11–)13(–15)-veined, mostly hairy inside near the mouth; posterior lip 3-lobed; anterior lip 2-lobed, divided to the base, with narrower lobes
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped; posterior lip emarginate, entire or sometimes 4-toothed; anterior lip almost flat, 3-lobed
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, or upper pair reduced to staminodes, sometimes sterile in female flowers, ascending under the posterior corolla lip; thecae divaricate to parallel, often separated by a short connective
    Ovary
    Ovary deeply 4-lobed, style gynobasic, branches subequal or lower branch much longer
    Fruits
    Nutlets ± trigonal, matt, usually with a ± distinct areole at the scar, apex rounded to acuminate.
    Note
    In most other Floras and systematic works, the tropical African species of Clinopodium are included in the genus Satureja. With new generic concepts, Satureja sensu stricto is not known from tropical Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New Mexico, New York, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Mexican Pacific Is.

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, Bermuda, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode I., Trinidad-Tobago, Utah, Vermont, Washington

    Clinopodium L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie, E.M. [811], Kenya Calamintha 2733.000
    Jones [4467], Ethiopia Calamintha 60203.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 587 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (2011). Clinopodium L. (Lamiaceae) in Bolivia Kew Bulletin 66: 199-226.
    • Ryding, O. (2006). Revision of Clinopodium simense group (Labiatae) Kew Bulletin 61: 419-432.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.L.S. 150: 391–408 (2006)
    • K.B. 61: 419–432 (2006)
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 241 (2004)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5.: 256 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 587 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0